Myrmica specioides Bondroit,

Güsten, R., Schulz, A. & Sanetra, M., 2006, Redescription of Tetramorium forte Forel, 1904 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a western Mediterranean ant species., Zootaxa 1310, pp. 1-35: 29-30

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Myrmica specioides Bondroit


Myrmica specioides Bondroit  HNS  , 1918

Myrmica specioides Bondroit  HNS  , 1918

Tetramorium silvestrianum Emery  HNS  , 1924: syn. nov.

Myrmica rugulosoides var. striata Finzi  HNS  , 1926 (synonymy: Collingwood 1979)

Myrmica scabrinodis var. ahngeri Karavaiev  HNS  , 1926 (synonymy: Seifert 1988)

Myrmica puerilis Staercke  HNS  , 1942 (synonymy: Collingwood & Yarrow 1969)

Myrmica neglecta Staercke  HNS  , 1942 (nomen nudum)

Myrmica scabrinodis var. atlantica Staercke  HNS  , 1942 (nomen nudum)

Myrmica (Myrmica) balcanica Sadil  HNS  , 1952 (synonymy: Pisarski 1975)

Myrmica (Myrmica) balcanica var. scabrinodoides Sadil  HNS  , 1952 (synonymy: Pisarski 1975)

Material examined

1 [[worker]], lectotype of T. silvestrianum Emery  HNS  (hereby designated): „ Manresa Silvestri / Typus / Tetramorium silvestrianum Emery  HNS  Typus / Myrmica  HNS  nec Tetramorium  HNS  MF[label most likely by B. Poldi] / Lectotypus Tetramorium silvestrianum Emery  HNS  des. R. Guesten, A. Schulz & M. Sanetra 2005“ ( MCSN)  ; 1 [[worker]], „ Solden (A.), 9.VII. 20 / Tetramorium silvestrianum Em.  HNS  var.!, Santschi det. 1926 / Sammlung Dr. F. Santschi, Kairouan ( NHMB)“  .

One of the two original syntypes of T. silvestrianum Emery  HNS  remains at MCSN. It is in good condition and can easily be determined as a worker of Myrmica specioides Bondroit  HNS  . Also, Emery´s (1924) description matches this specimen and his outline figure shows the petiole shape of M. specioides  HNS  , so that there is no reason to believe that the other syntype represented a different species. Nevertheless, the surviving specimen is designated as lectotype in order to firmly establish the synonymy. We cannot explain Emery´s (1924) gaffe. Continuing the misconception, F. Santschi also determined a worker of M. specioides  HNS  from “Solden (A.)” (probably Soelden, Tirol, Austria) in his collection as T. silvestrianum  HNS  . Collingwood and Yarrow (1969), Collingwood (1978) and Lopez (1991) regarded T. silvestrianum  HNS  as a synonym of T. forte  HNS  on the grounds that the descriptions where allegedly corresponding. A worker ant from Geneve ( Switzerland) was determined as T. silvestrianum  HNS  by Collingwood (in Lopez 1991). 

The synonymy of M. specioides Bondroit  HNS  is summarized above. Seifert (2002) has demonstrated that M specioides  HNS  is not a synonym of M. bessarabica Nassonov  HNS  , 1889 as previously stated by Atanassov and Dlussky (1992). We have not included several junior synonyms proposed by Dlussky et al. (1990) and Arakelian (1994) concerning taxa described from areas east of the range of M specioides  HNS  as given by Seifert (1988), chiefly from the Caucasus. These synonymies need reinvestigation.


Italy, Genova, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "Giacomo Doria"


Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum