Distribution: Nearctic, Neotropical – Argentina (Buenos Aires), Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul), Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Paraguay – Palaearctic, Afrotropical, Oriental, Australasian/Oceanian.
Material studied: Buenos Aires: 1 ɗ Ciud. Aut. Buenos Aires, 31.I. 1944 on rotten meat ( ANLIS); 2 ɗ, 1 Ψ Burzaco, Alte. Brown, III. 2002, Mulieri leg. ( ANLIS); 1 ɗ Burzaco, Alte. Brown, III. 2002 on liver, Mulieri leg. ( ANLIS); 1 Ψ Mar del Plata, Gral. Pueyrredon, XII. 2004, Mulieri leg. ( ANLIS).
Remarks: Sarcophaga (B.) africa has been misidentified by several authors as S. haemorrhoidalis (Fallén). Good illustrations of the male terminalia can be found in Blanchard (1942 a) and Shewell (1987). Illustrations of the female terminalia also can be found in Shewell (1987).
Biology: This cosmopolitan species is regarded as highly synanthropic, and is attracted both to cadavers and faeces in Brazil ( Linhares 1981; Dias et al. 1984 a, c). Regarding the life cycle of S. africa, some authors have recorded it as coprophagous ( Bänziger & Pape 2004), necrophagous ( Romera et al. 2003), or as a facultative parasitoid on snails ( Coupland & Barker 2004). Host. Gastropoda, Helicidae and Hygromiidae ( Coupland & Barker 2004). This species has a medical impact because it is known to cause traumatic, gastrointestinal and aural myiasis ( James 1947; Zumpt 1965; Guimarães et al. 1983; Lukin 1989; Sherman 2000; Uni et al. 2005).
FIGURES 17 – 21. Sarcophaga, female terminalia, dorsal view (abdominal T 6). 17. S. (Bercaea) africa. 18. S. (Lipoptilocnema) argyrostoma. 19. S. (L.) crassipalpis. Posterior view of female mid femur with the shining striated sensory area white circled. 20. S. (Liopygia) argyrostoma. 21. S. (L.) crassipalpis.