Sarcophaga (Bercaea) africa ( Wiedemann, 1824 )

Mariluis, Pablo Ricardo Mulieri Juan Carlos & Patitucci, Luciano Damián, 2010, Review of the Sarcophaginae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) of Buenos Aires Province (Argentina), with a key and description of a new species, Zootaxa 2575, pp. 1-37: 27

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.197479

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03AB0044-0F7E-F307-FF51-C085FE5BF808

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sarcophaga (Bercaea) africa ( Wiedemann, 1824 )
status

 

Sarcophaga (Bercaea) africa ( Wiedemann, 1824) 

( Fig. 17View FIGURES 17 – 21)

Musca africa Wiedemann, 1824: 49  .

Sarcophaga cruentata Meigen, 1826: 28  .

Sarcophaga georgina Wiedemann, 1830: 357  .

Myophora squalida Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 342  .

Myophora villica Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 340  .

Sarcophaga aegra Walker, 1849: 821  .

Myophora blondeli Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 344  .

Sarcophaga consobrina Rondani, 1860: 391  . (Junior secondary homonym of Myophora consobrina Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830  .)

Myophora capensis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 347  .

Sarcophaga nurus Rondani, 1860: 392  .

Sarcophaga zetterstedtii Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 439  .

Sarcophaga iners Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 439  .

Sarcophaga pabulorum Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 441  .

Sarcophaga fulvipalpis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 442  . (Junior primary homonym of Sarcophaga fulvipalpis Macquart, 1844  .)

Sarcophaga meigenii Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 442  .

Sarcophaga inclyta Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 443  .

Sarcophaga praeceps Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 480  .

Sarcophaga fugax Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 481  .

Myophora nitida Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 510  .

Myophora albidula Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 513  .

Myophora commendata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 516  .

Bercaea haemathura Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 551  .

Bercaea agilis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 552  . (Junior secondary homonym of Sarcophaga agilis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863  .)

Bercaea oralis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 554  . (Junior secondary homonym of Sarcophaga oralis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863  .)

Bercaea agraria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 554  . (Junior secondary homonym of Sarcophaga agraria  Robineau- Desvoidy, 1863.)

Bercaea meditata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 576  .

Sarcophaga aequipalis Thomson, 1869: 534  .

Sarcophaga distinguenda Rondani, 1873: 284  .

Sarcophaga sejungenda Rondani, 1873: 285  .

Theria flavidula Bigot, 1880: 151  . (Junior secondary homonym of Mulsantia flavidula Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863  .)

Thyrsotetradiscus friederichsianus Enderlein, 1928: 20  .

Mesothyrsia madagascariensis Enderlein, 1928: 37  . (Junior secondary homonym of Sarcophaga madagascariensis Macquart, 1847  .)

Distribution: Nearctic, Neotropical – Argentina  (Buenos Aires), Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul), Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Paraguay – Palaearctic, Afrotropical, Oriental, Australasian/Oceanian.

Material studied: Buenos Aires: 1 ɗ Ciud. Aut. Buenos Aires, 31.I. 1944 on rotten meat ( ANLIS); 2 ɗ, 1 Ψ Burzaco, Alte. Brown, III. 2002, Mulieri leg. ( ANLIS); 1 ɗ Burzaco, Alte. Brown, III. 2002 on liver, Mulieri leg. ( ANLIS); 1 Ψ Mar del Plata, Gral. Pueyrredon, XII. 2004, Mulieri leg. ( ANLIS).

Remarks: Sarcophaga (B.) africa  has been misidentified by several authors as S. haemorrhoidalis (Fallén)  . Good illustrations of the male terminalia can be found in Blanchard (1942 a) and Shewell (1987). Illustrations of the female terminalia also can be found in Shewell (1987).

Biology: This cosmopolitan species is regarded as highly synanthropic, and is attracted both to cadavers and faeces in Brazil ( Linhares 1981; Dias et al. 1984 a, c). Regarding the life cycle of S. africa  , some authors have recorded it as coprophagous ( Bänziger & Pape 2004), necrophagous ( Romera et al. 2003), or as a facultative parasitoid on snails ( Coupland & Barker 2004). Host. Gastropoda, Helicidae  and Hygromiidae ( Coupland & Barker 2004)  . This species has a medical impact because it is known to cause traumatic, gastrointestinal and aural myiasis ( James 1947; Zumpt 1965; Guimarães et al. 1983; Lukin 1989; Sherman 2000; Uni et al. 2005).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Sarcophagidae

Genus

Sarcophaga

Loc

Sarcophaga (Bercaea) africa ( Wiedemann, 1824 )

Mariluis, Pablo Ricardo Mulieri Juan Carlos & Patitucci, Luciano Damián 2010
2010
Loc

Musca africa

Wiedemann 1824: 49
Loc

Sarcophaga cruentata

Meigen 1826: 28
Loc

Sarcophaga georgina

Wiedemann 1830: 357
Loc

Myophora squalida

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830: 342
Loc

Myophora villica

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830: 340
Loc

Sarcophaga aegra

Walker 1849: 821
Loc

Myophora blondeli

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830: 344
Loc

Sarcophaga consobrina

Rondani 1860: 391
Loc

Myophora capensis

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830: 347
Loc

Sarcophaga nurus

Rondani 1860: 392
Loc

Sarcophaga zetterstedtii

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 439
Loc

Sarcophaga iners

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 439
Loc

Sarcophaga pabulorum

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 441
Loc

Sarcophaga fulvipalpis

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 442
Loc

Sarcophaga meigenii

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 442
Loc

Sarcophaga inclyta

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 443
Loc

Sarcophaga praeceps

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 480
Loc

Sarcophaga fugax

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 481
Loc

Myophora nitida

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 510
Loc

Myophora albidula

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 513
Loc

Myophora commendata

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 516
Loc

Bercaea haemathura

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 551
Loc

Bercaea agilis

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 552
Loc

Bercaea oralis

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 554
Loc

Bercaea agraria

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 554
Loc

Bercaea meditata

Robineau-Desvoidy 1863: 576
Loc

Sarcophaga aequipalis

Thomson 1869: 534
Loc

Sarcophaga distinguenda

Rondani 1873: 284
Loc

Sarcophaga sejungenda

Rondani 1873: 285
Loc

Theria flavidula

Bigot 1880: 151
Loc

Thyrsotetradiscus friederichsianus

Enderlein 1928: 20
Loc

Mesothyrsia madagascariensis

Enderlein 1928: 37