Mastigimas Enderlein,

Rendón-Mera, Diana Isabel, Serna, Francisco & Burckhardt, Daniel, 2017, Generic synopsis of the jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Psylloidea) from Colombia, Zootaxa 4350 (3): -1

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Mastigimas Enderlein


Mastigimas Enderlein 

( Figs 24, 25View FIGURES 10 – 27, 53View FIGURES 47 – 58, 65View FIGURES 59 – 70, 72, 73View FIGURES 71 – 76. 71, 81View FIGURES 81 – 83)

Diagnosis: Head not wider than mesonotum; cleft in front; occipital sclerite broad so eyes appear stalked; genae without processes but with small pointed tubercles ( Figs 24, 25View FIGURES 10 – 27, arrow). Antennae longer than body ( Fig. 65View FIGURES 59 – 70); with third segment long and swollen, covered with circular sensoria; terminal setae short, subequal and pointed. Forewing obovate, rounded apically, without costal break; pterostigma present; vein M arched so it converges with Rs on the third quarter of the wing and then diverges; cell m1 subtriangular; cell cu1 long and low ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 47 – 58). Meracanthus short and weakly curved; metacoxa with a prominent tubercle between meracanthus and insertion of trochanter; femora apically with a group of long stout setae; metatibia without genual spine, apically with spurs varying from 1+2+3 to a crown of 8; metabasitarsus with 2 apical spurs.

Biology and damage: Immatures produce large quantities of wax and honeydew, and can be found grouped on the lower leaf surface near the midrib ( Fig. 72View FIGURES 71 – 76. 71), although when populations are high they invade the whole plant ( Fig. 73View FIGURES 71 – 76. 71) (Burckhardt et al. 2013; Queiroz et al. 2013). Attack produces curls along the edges of leaflets and then deformations of the leaflet, along with chlorotic and necrotic points, withering leaflets which then fall. In severe attacks plants suffer of premature defoliation and branches have a dry and crumbly appearance (Queiroz et al. 2013).

Host-plants: Cedrela  and Toona  ( Meliaceae  ) (Burckhardt et al. 2013).

Distribution: Neotropical (Burckhardt et al. 2013).— Colombia: Mastigimas cedrelae (Schwarz)  , Mastigimas colombianus Burckhardt, Queiroz & Drohojowska (Burckhardt et al. 2013)  .

Examined material: COLOMBIA. Mastigimas cedrelae  : Antioquia: 8 (male, female), Amalfi, Porce, 6°54'33"N, 75°04'36"W, 1500 m, Jun-1982, Cedrela  sp. (R. Velez) UNAB 1377; Caquetá: 1 (female), El Doncello, Vda. Anayacito, Fca. Buena Vista, 1°40'59"N, 75°18'32"W, 580 m, 8-Sep-2014 (D. Rendón), UNAB 1091; 10 (male, female), San Vicente del Caguán, Vda. Palestro, Fca. El Limonar, 2°7'12"N, 74°45'1"W, 270 m, 9- Sep-2014, Cedrela montana (D. Rendón)  , UNAB 1091.— Mastigimas colombianus  : Cundinamarca: 1 (female), Bogotá, Univ. Nal. Col., Jardín Entomología ICN, 16-Jun-1987 (Isabel de Arévalo), ICN 090474; 10 (male, female), Bogotá, Univ. Nal. Col., Patios de Ingeniería, 4°38.377'N, 74°4.963'W, 2600 m, 22-Sep-2014, Cedrela montana (C. Sarmiento)  , UNAB 1092; 4 (male, female), Bogotá, Univ. Nal. Col., Fac. Ciencias Agrarias, 4°38'8"N, 74°4'58"W, 2600 m, 22-Sep-2014, Cedrela montana (M. Ríos)  , UNAB 1092; 1 (female), Bogotá, Univ. Nal. Col., Invernaderos, 4°38'N, 74°05'W, 2558 m, 10-Mar-2014 (D. Salazar), UNAB 1092; 1 (female), Bogotá, Univ. Nal. Col., 4°35'56"N, 74°04'51"W, 2630 m, 09-Apr-2010, on grass (M. Pineda), UNAB 1092.— Mastigimas  sp.: Caldas: 2 (male, female), Chinchiná, 4°58'50''N, 75°36'27''W, 1378 m, 15-Jun-1999, Cedrela odorata (M. Oliveros)  UNAB 1369.