Tetramorium moravicum Kratochvil

Csösz S., Radchenko, A. & Schulz, A., 2007, Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic Tetramorium chefketi species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1405, pp. 1-38: 24-27

publication ID

21169

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0626BC90-97E2-DBA7-FCE6-2DD79DBB80D2

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Tetramorium moravicum Kratochvil
status

 

6. Tetramorium moravicum Kratochvil  HNS  , 1941 (figs 43-49)

Tetramorium moravicum Kratochvil  HNS  , 1941: 86 ([[worker]], [[queen]]); also described as new in Kratochvíl 1944: 71 ([[worker]], [[male]]); TYPE MATERIAL: PARATYPES “ Tetramorium moravicum  HNS  ” [-] “ 1941 ” [/] “ Mohelno ” [now CZECH REPUBLIC] [/] “l. Dr Kratochvíl ” [-] Paratypus [/] “ Tetramorium ” [/] “ moravicum Kratochv  HNS  .” (1[[worker]], 2[[males]]/ ZMMU)  ; junior synonym of Tetramorium forte  HNS  : Radchenko 1992b: 51; revived from synonymy: Seifert 1996: 160, not Radchenko et al 1998: 110, Czechowski et al. 2002: 66, Radchenko et al. 2004: 77;

Tetramorium rhenanum Schulz  HNS  , 1996: 391 ([[worker]], [[queen]], [[male]]) TYPE MATERIAL: HOLOTYPE and PARATYPES: Hessen, Rheinland , [ GERMANY] 3km N. Lorchhausen, 35km W. Wiesbaden, 100mH , 15.06.1994. leg. Schulz (3[[workers]], 1[[queen]] / MHNG, 12[[workers]], 3[[queens]], 2 [[males]] / PCAS)  ; junior synonym of T. moravicum Schlick-Steiner  HNS  et al. 2005: 1;

Redescription of worker (figs 46-49). Medium to large size, CS 833 [720, 953]. Whole body and appendages dark brown to black. Head nearly square, CL/CW 1.02 [0.97, 1.06], with very feebly convex sides, straight occipital margin and narrowly rounded occipital corners. Eyes small, EYE 0.170 [0.165, 0.183]. Frons moderately narrow, FR/CS 0.36 [0.34, 0.38], frontal lobes usually as wide as frons, rarely slightly wider, FL/FR 1.01 [1.0, 1.04]. Scape long, SL/CS 0.80 [0.77, 0.83], with well developed longitudinal dorsal carina basally, parallel costulae extending scape. Promesonotal dorsum slightly convex, metanotal groove deep. Propodeal teeth long. Petiolar node trapezoidal in profile, NOH/NOL 1.07 [0.90, 1.29], petiole relatively high, PEH/NOL 1.94 [1.72, 2.23]. General appearance coarsely rugoso-reticulate, ground surface microreticulate, dull. Head dorsum longitudinally rugose and microreticulate, occiput rugoso-reticulate. Alitrunk dorsum, mesopleuron and dorsum of petiolar node rugoso-reticulate, ground surface coarsely microreticulate, dorsum of postpetiole longitudinally rugulose and microreticulate. Polygonal striation continuous on 1st gastral tergite (see fig. 8.). Ventral surface of head with several short and few moderately long, straight, or few ìCî-shape setae arising posteriorly to buccal cavity (see fig. 5).

Redescription of gyne (figs 43-45). Medium to large size, CS 1198 [1045, 1275]. Whole body and appendages dark brown to black. Head distinctly wider than long, CL/CW 0.88[0.84, 0.92], with straight, subparallel sides, straight occipital margin and widely rounded occipital corners. Frons narrow, FR/CS 0.36 [0.34, 0.38], frontal lobes as wide as frons, FL/FR 1.0 [1.0, 1.02]. Scape moderately short, SL/CS 0.73 [0.71, 0.75], with well developed longitudinal dorsal carina basally, parallel costulae extending scape. Head as wide as scutum, MW/CS 1.07 [1.05, 1.13]. Propodeal teeth long. Dorsal crest of petiolar node convex, with well visible protuberance medially in frontal view; in profile petiolar node dorsum blunt. Petiole and postpetiole relatively narrow, WAIST 0.92 [0.86, 1.0]. General appearance coarsely rugose, ground surface microreticulate, dull. Head dorsum, occiput and sides rugoso-reticulate, ground surface microreticulate. Frons longitudinally rugose and microreticulate. Scutum longitudinally rugose, anteriorly smooth, scutellum more or less smooth, sides finely rugulose. Sides of alitrunk, ruguloso-reticulate and microreticulate, ventral part of katepisternum usually smooth and shiny. Dorsum of petiolar node and postpetiole coarsely reticulate; median protuberence of petiolar node smooth. Polygonal striation disrupted on 1st gastral tergite, sometimes continuous basally. Ventral surface of head with several short and few moderately long, straight, or few C-shape setae arising posterior to buccal cavity.

Redescription of male. Whole body and appendages black. Head with feebly convex sides, straight occipital margin and rounded occipital corners. Head narrower than scutum. Propodeal teeth very short, propodeum nearly rounded in profile. Dorsal crest of petiolar node blunt not emarginate in frontal wiew. Head, alitrunk and waist finely sculptured, partly shiny, the rest of ground surface microreticulate. Head finely reticulate ground surface microreticulate. Scutum finely rugulose, laterally and anteriorly smooth and shiny. Scutellum longitudinally rugulose, usually shiny medially. Sides of alitrunk finely rugose and microreticulate. Dorsum of petiolar node feebly reticulate and microreticulate, postpetiole generally smooth and shiny. Polygonal striation disrupted on 1st gastral tergite.

Material examined (64 nest series including 374 workers, 28 gynes and 43 males). AUSTRIA - Setzberg, 1,5km N. Spitz, Wachau , 48°23'N 15°25'E 300mH , 05.05.2001. nr.251. & nr.253. leg. Schulz (4[[workers]] / PCAS)GoogleMaps  ; BULGARIA - Blagoierbad , 15.06.1972. leg. Poldi (2[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; Malko Trnovo , 25.05.1958, leg. Pisarski (7[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; FRANCE - Breil-sur-Roya 6km N, Dep. Alpes Maritimes, vic. Maurioun, 450- 700mH , 17.07.1994. leg. Schulz (3[[workers]] / MHNG, 20[[workers]], 4[[males]] / PCAS)  ; Camargue, Albaron , 15.06.1974. leg. Poldi (2[[workers]], 2[[queens]] / MSNM)  , 20.06.1974. leg. Poldi (2W, 2[[males]] / MSNM)  ; GEORGIA - Nr.3672. Kavkaz, Gumista, Suchumi , 21.11.1963, leg Pisarski (6[[workers]], 3 [[males]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]], 4 [[males]] / MIZ)  ; GERMANY - Hessen, Mittleres Rheintal, oberhalb Lorchhausen, 250m , 18.IV.2003, leg. A. Schulz, R. Güsten & M. Sanetra (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Kaiserstuhl, Badberg ¾km w Steinbr. , Bd.-Wtmbg., 320m , 13.IV.2003, leg. A. Schulz, R Güsten & M. Sanetra (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Kaiserstuhl, Schelingen , Bd.-Wtmbg., ( Suedteil ), 300-320m , 12.IV2003, leg. A. Schulz & R. Güsten (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]] / PCAS)  , (Nordteil), 320-340m , 13.IV2003, leg. A. Schulz, R. Güsten & M. Sanetra (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]], 3[[queens]], 6[[males]] / PCAS)  ; Mittleres Rheintal, obh. Bacharach-Steeg 200m Rheinland-Pfalz, 18.IV2003, leg. A. Schulz, R. Güsten & M. Sanetra (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Nahetal, 1km e Burg Layen, 120m , Rheinland-Pfalz, 14.IV2003, leg. G. Heller, A. Schulz & R. Güsten (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Nahetal, 2km SE Schlossboeckelheim , 150m , Rheinland-Pfalz, 14.IV2003, leg. G. Heller, A. Schulz & R. Güsten (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 10[[workers]], 8[[queens]], 8[[males]] / PCAS)  ; Nahetal, 2km w Norheim, 120m , Rheinland-Pfalz, 14.IV2003, leg. G. Heller, A. Schulz & R. Güsten (3[[workers]] / HNHM, 6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; GREECE - Ossa Mt. , 28.05.1989, nr.GR001. leg. R. Sciaky (6[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; Parnon, 4km WSW. Kastanitsa , 37°17'N 22° 40'E, Peleponnes , Prov. Arkadia, 1200-1400mH , 22.04.2000. nr.03-19. leg. A. Schulz (4[[workers]] / PCAS)GoogleMaps  ; Mani, 20 km SW Githeo , 36°40' N 22°24'E, Peleponnes , Prov. Lakonia, 50 mH , 23.04.2000. nr.04-31. leg. A. Schulz (1[[queen]],5[[workers]] / PCAS)GoogleMaps  ; Peloponesos Aetos , 27.06.1986. leg. Sabbadini (4[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; Pilion, vic. Chania , Prov. Magnissía, 1000- 1400mH , 14.05.1996. nr.11-213., nr.11-214. & nr.11-215. leg. A. Schulz, K. Vock (12[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Smolikos Mt, N.slope , 28.05.1989, nr.GR003. leg. R Sciaky (2[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; HUNGARY - Matrafuered , Szent-Ivany , 02.05.1937. leg. Móczár (8[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; Sóshartyán, 24.04.1999. nr.04. leg. Bálint (1[[worker]] / HNHM)  ; ITALY - Casola, 670m Appennines , Parmense, 09.1991. leg. Grasso (4[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; Em.Rom (Re) Cinquecerri , 24.04.1978. leg. Ferri (4[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; Forti di Genova , 15.04.1993. leg. Poldi (3[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; Mts. Subasio , (PG) 05.06.1993. leg. Platania (2[[workers]], 1[[queen]] / MSNM)  ; Novafeltria , Emilia, 21.09.1951, leg. E.C.M.Yarrow (11[[workers]] / NHM)  ; Piemonte, Cuneo prov., Valdieri env. 800mH , 16.06.1988, leg. Rigato (8[[workers]], 1[[queen]], 1[[male]] / NHM)  ; Sulmona , AQ, 05.02.1962. leg. Poldi (2[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; Umbria, Spoleto Protte [?] , 01.04.1989. leg. Poldi (5[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; Valdieri (CN) 800-850m , 03.07.1989. leg. Rigato (2[[workers]], 1[[queen]] / MSNM)  ; ROMANIA - Kolozsvar (Cluj Napoca), Szenafuevek , Transylvania, 07.08.2003. no.AA087. leg. Markó (10[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; Kolozsvar , Szenafuevek , Transylvania, 17.09.2003. leg. Markó (5[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; SERBIA-MONTENEGRO - Brezoviza, Mts. Sar , Kosovo, 900-1200mH , 23.05.1971, nr.16. leg Papp & Horvatovich (6[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; Nis . Jugo nr.384, 18.1984. leg. Poldi (1[[worker]] / MSNM)  ; Pec Pecka, Banja , Kosovo, 600mH , 18.05.1971. nr.14. leg. Papp & Horvatovich (2[[workers]] / HNHM)  ; Titograd , 10.06.1972. leg. Poldi (2[[workers]], 1[[queen]], 1[[male]] / MSNM)  ; TURKEY - Aydintepe, vil. Guemueshane 1200mH , 01.07.1975. nr.10. leg. Osella (3[[workers]], 3[[queens]], 1[[male]] / MSNM)  ; Bitlis, 10km SW Kuecueksu 15km S Tatvan 1700mH, Rasenflaeche an Bachlauf 16.06.1993. nr.1084. leg. Schulz (6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Erzurum, 5km SW Aydogdu 20km SW Goele , 1400mH , 26.06.1993. nr.1149. leg. Schulz (6[[workers]],1[[male]]/ PCAS)  ; Erzurum, Sac Gecidi 40km SE Horasan, 2300mH, Hochsteppe und Bachlauf, Wiese 22. 06. 1993. nr. 1114. leg. Schulz (6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Kars, Dagpinar 25km SE Kars 1800mH, Steppe mit Vulkangesteinen 23.06.1993. nr.1121. leg. Schulz (6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Kars, nahe Posof, 1700mH, an der Georgischen Grenze 25.06.1993. nr.1144. nr.1145. nr.1146. leg. Schulz (30[[workers]], 6[[queens]], 5[[males]] / PCAS)  ; Kars, zwischen Cildir und Camlicatak, ca 20-40km E Ardahan, 1800-2000mH , 24.06.1993. nr.1125. leg. Schulz (3[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Rize, 20km NW Ovitdagi Gecidi 30km SE Rize 1000-1400mH, Laubwald 50% auf Sand 30.06.1993. nr.1199. leg. Schulz (6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Van, 20 km NNW Catak 2300-2700mH, Steppenvegetation 18.06.1993. nr.13-1098. leg. Schulz (5[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Van, 5km SE Dedeli 30km SE Patnos 1700mH, Hochsteppe 20.06.1993. nr.1103. & nr.1105. leg. Schulz (12[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Van, 8km E Budakli 40 km W Gevas, 2200mH, feuchte Wiese und Steppe 17.06.1993. nr.1086., nr.1088. & nr.1090. leg. Schulz (29[[workers]], 1[[queen]] / PCAS)  ; Van, Migaros , 15.08.1987. leg. Pavesi (2[[workers]] / MSNM)  ; UKRAINE - Manhup-Kale , Krim, SW Bachcysaraj, 300-500mH , 12.08.1995. nr.04-T524. leg. M. Sanetra (6[[workers]] / PCAS)  ; Simferopol, S-Krim, vic. Zalis’s’a. 300-500mH , 13.08.1995. nr.05-T527. & nr.05-T528. leg. leg. Sanetra (3[[workers]] / MHNG, 11[[workers]]/ PCAS)  ;

Morphometrics: (108 workers and 12 gynes measured).

Diagnosis. Workers of T. moravicum  HNS  are distinguishable from most species of the chefketi  HNS  species complex (except for T. rhodium  HNS  and T. syriacum  HNS  ) by their usually finely costulate scapes bearing a well visible and long dorsal carina basally. The most distinctive features, to separate T. moravicum  HNS  from T. rhodium  HNS  workers, the shape of the petiole in profile (NOH/NOL, PEH/NOL, Table 1.), and the relative length of scape (SL/CS, Table 1.); the frontal width (FR/CS, Table 1.) gives appropriate discrimination of the workers of T. moravicum  HNS  and T. syriacum  HNS  .

Gynes of T. moravicum  HNS  differ from known gynes of other species of the chefketi  HNS  species complex by the relatively wide scutum, MW/CS 1.07 [1.05, 1.13] and by the dorsal carina of the scape. For further combination of morphometric characters see Table 1-2.

Distribution. Widespread in the western Palaearctic from S France to Caucasus. The westernmost known locality of this species is Camargue, France.

MSNM

Italy, Milano, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale

HNHM

Hungary, Budapest, Hungarian Natural History Museum

MIZ

MIZ

NHM

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]