Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A., 2018, A revision of the Neotropical ant-like genus Cardiacephala Macquart, including Plocoscelus Enderlein syn. nov. (Diptera: Micropezidae, Taeniapterinae), Zootaxa 4429 (3), pp. 401-458: 435-437

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:004C0DCB-9B63-4A44-A1BB-2D98ADFB1CEE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0A6A87F2-FFE1-8000-FF10-FF0FFA6EFA89

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868
status

 

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868 

( Figs. 55–58 View Figure )

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868: 255  .

Rhoecius vulgus Enderlein 1922: 228  , Hennig 1935:49.

Plocoscelus niger ( Schiner, 1868)  , Hennig 1935: 49.

Description: Body length 9 mm, wing 6 mm. Palpus mostly black, white on outer face. Clypeus black and shiny with some sparse pale microsetulae. First flagellomere black with pale microsetulae. Fronto-orbital plates and frontal vitta dark brown. Hind femur narrowly white basally. Row of katepisternal setae brownish. Fore tarsus dark brown with gold/whitish pubescence ventrally at base of tarsomere one. Oviscape black, shiny. Epandrium brownish.

Head: Palpus broadened basally and gradually tapering to apex. Clypeus short, length less than half of width. Two frontal setae. Frontal vitta with a narrowed depression centrally, reaching ocellar triangle. Epicephalon slightly depressed. Inner vertical seta insertion flat, without tubercle. Paracephalon smooth, without swelling (not extending beyond the vertex). Vertex flattened. Line of black supracervical setae strong.

Thorax: Mesonotum with white pruinosity. Scutellum upturned, triangular. Femora with sparse yellowish

setulae. Mid and hind tibiae flattened, sulcus on outer face very pronounced and curved ( Fig. 55 View Figure ). Wing with stigmatal and discal bands, apex entirely dark. Crossvein r-m clear. R4+5 and M1+2 meeting at the wing margin. A1+CuA2 as long as CuA2. Female cervical sclerite smooth, without swelling.

Abdomen: Tergites covered by black setulae, some of them shiny gold. Female abdomen: Single spermathecal duct apically broad, spermatheca cylindrical and apically invaginated. Paired spermathecal duct delimited by a narrow basal third and broader distal two thirds. Paired spermathecal duct stems smooth and thin in basal third, followed by a small rounded swelling and a broad apical third ( Fig. 56 View Figure ). Paired spermathecae striate and sac-like, distally swollen and tapered basally. Male abdomen: Ejaculatory apodeme bigger than epandrium and with a broad blade, wider than sperm pump ( Fig. 58 View Figure ). Phallapodeme extending to anterior limit of hypandrium. Distiphallus longer than epandrium, ending in a phallic bulb, phallic bulb almost spherical and somewhat broader than the basal distiphallus.

Type material: Holotype of Cardiacephala nigra  (1 ♂, NMWAbout NMW): “South America”. Date and collector not cited; Syntypes of Rhoecius vulgus Enderlein  (2 ♂, ZMHB): BOLIVIA. Santa Cruz, Prov. Sara. J. Steinbach. COLOMBIA. Moritz coll.

Material examined: BOLIVIA. 1 km E Guanay, 580 m, 15º30.2’ S 69º52.3’ W, 13.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari, ex: human excrement (2 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); 1 km E Guanay, 580 m, 15º30.2’ S 69º52.3’ W, 14.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (1 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Guanay, 40 km S roadside, 12.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149543); La Paz, Mapiri 5 km W, 750 m, 15º17.8’ S 68º15.6’ W, 16.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (1 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Mapiri, bank of Rio Mapiri, 15º18’34” S 68º13’ W, 12.IV.2001, A. L. Norrbom & G. A. Kung (1 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz. Rio Merke (= Rio Chiñijo), 3 km NW Mapiri, 15º18’48” S 68º14’25” W, disturbed sec. forest, 9.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150492); La Paz, San Juanito nr. Teoponte, 500 m, 15º29’42S 67º47’48W, 8.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (5 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149601, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149602, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149632, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149645, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149647, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150734); La Paz, San Juanito nr. Teoponte, 500 m, 15º29’42S 67º47’48W, 8.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀; DEBUAbout DEBU 00149662, sequence MYCRO 240–16); La Paz, Tajihui, 590 m, 15º40.8’ S 67º41.7’ W, 12.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (2 ♀, 1 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); BRAZIL. Amazonas, Manaus, R. Ducke, Arm. Malaise, 21.VII.1990, J. Vidal & R. A. Rocha (1 ♀, INPAAbout INPA); Pará, Tucuruí, 7.VIII.1980, R. S. Mansão (1 ♀, CNCAbout CNC); São Paulo, Sorocaba, 10.IX.2011, G. Ferro (1 ♀, DZUPAbout DZUP); COLOMBIA. Magdalena, Tayrona Natl. Pk. Zaino, 50 m, malaise trap, 28.IV–13.V.2000, R. Henriquez (3 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138497, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138501, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138503, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138507; DEBUAbout DEBU 00138508, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Natl. Pk., Admin. Cañaveral, Malaise trap, 30 m, Malaise, 26.IV–12.V.2000, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138437, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138438, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, PNN Tayrona Cañaveral, 11º20’ N 74º2’ W, 30 m, Malaise 11/03/00 1/2/01 R, M. 963, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, 1 ♂, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 29.V–14.VI.2000, M. 241, R. Henriquez (2 ♂, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 28.V–17.VII.2000, M. 301, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 29.IX–17.X.2000, M. 793, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, PNN Tayrona Cañaveral, 11º20’ N 74º2’ W, 30 m, Malaise 11/03/00 11/22/00 R, M. 943, R. Henriquez (2 ♀, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Zaino, 50 m, Malaise trap, 11º20’1” N 74º2’1” W, 28.IV–13.VI.2000, R. Henriquez. (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138496, IAVHAbout IAVH, sequence MYCRO 241–16); Putumayo, PNN La Paya Cabaña Viviano Varzea, 0º7’ S 74º56’ W, malaise, 320 m, 15– 31.X.2001, M. 2438, R. Cobete (1 ♀, IAVHAbout IAVH); COSTA RICA. Estrella Valley, Pandora, 16.III.1984, FIT, GV Manley & HF Howden (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 15.II.1994, mal. trap, M/02/349, ALAS (1 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 1.III.1994, mal. trap, M/01/360, ALAS (1 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, La Selva Biol. Res. Nr. Puerto Viejo, mainly trail, 9–10.II.2003, M. Pollet (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241584, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241593, IRSNBAbout IRSNB); Heredia, La Selva Biol. Stn., 10º26’ N 84º01’ W, 150 m, Trail 0-400 STRAbout STR., 9.II.2003, M. Pollet (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241580, IRSNBAbout IRSNB); Prov. Punt. Est. Queb. Bonita, 50 m, reserv. Biol. Carara, II.1991, L-N-194500 469850, C. Moraga (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); San Jose, Pérez, Zeledón, Rivas, 820 m, 27.XII.1998 – 5.I.1999, B. D. Gill (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151033); ECUADOR. Limoncocha, 250 m, 0º24’ S 76º40’ W, 9–16.III.1976, G. E. Shewell (1 ♀, CNCAbout CNC 503365); Napo, Coca, Napo R., 250 m, V.1965, L. Pena (63 ♀, 2 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 503338, CNCAbout CNC 503339, CNCAbout CNC 503340, CNCAbout CNC 503341, CNCAbout CNC 503351, CNCAbout CNC 503352, CNCAbout CNC 503353, CNCAbout CNC 503354; CNCAbout CNC 503356, CNCAbout CNC 503357, CNCAbout CNC 503359, CNCAbout CNC 503360, CNCAbout CNC 503361, CNCAbout CNC 503362, CNCAbout CNC 503363, CNCAbout CNC 503367, CNCAbout CNC 503369, CNCAbout CNC 503371, CNCAbout CNC 503373, CNCAbout CNC 503374, CNCAbout CNC 503375, CNCAbout CNC 503377, CNCAbout CNC 503378, CNCAbout CNC 503379, CNCAbout CNC 503380, CNCAbout CNC 503382, CNCAbout CNC 503383, CNCAbout CNC 503384, CNCAbout CNC 503385, CNCAbout CNC 503386, CNCAbout CNC 503387, CNCAbout CNC 503388, CNCAbout CNC 503389, CNCAbout CNC 503390, CNCAbout CNC 503391, CNCAbout CNC 503392, CNCAbout CNC 503393, CNCAbout CNC 503394, CNCAbout CNC 503395, CNCAbout CNC 503396, CNCAbout CNC 503397, CNCAbout CNC 503398, CNCAbout CNC 503399, CNCAbout CNC 503402, CNCAbout CNC 503403, CNCAbout CNC 503404, CNCAbout CNC 503405, CNCAbout CNC 503406, CNCAbout CNC 503407, CNCAbout CNC 503408, CNCAbout CNC 503409, CNCAbout CNC 503410, CNCAbout CNC 503411, CNCAbout CNC 503412, CNCAbout CNC 503414, CNCAbout CNC 503421, CNCAbout CNC 503422, CNCAbout CNC 503423, CNCAbout CNC 503425, CNCAbout CNC 503426, CNCAbout CNC 503428, CNCAbout CNC 503430, CNCAbout CNC 503434, CNCAbout CNC 503436, CNCAbout CNC 503438); Napo. Coca. Napo R., 250 m. 25–30.IV.1965. L. Pena (1 ♀, 1 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 503344, CNCAbout CNC 503366); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 30.IV–8.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (13 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178784, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178805, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178806, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178816, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178822, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178947, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178991, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178998, DEBUAbout DEBU 00179007, DEBUAbout DEBU 00179008, DEBUAbout DEBU 00179009, DEBUAbout DEBU 00179016, DEBUAbout DEBU 00179062, DEBUAbout DEBU 00179130, DEBUAbout DEBU 00179160); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 29.IV–8.V.2002, K. Peiman (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol, Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 1–2.V.2002, M. Buck (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178207, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178208); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 1–2.V.2002, M. Buck & Lonsdale (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00186979, DEBUAbout DEBU 00186980); Napo. Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli. 1º4’ S, 77º37’ W, 450 m. 2.V.2002. M. Buck (3 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00177943, DEBUAbout DEBU 00177947, DEBUAbout DEBU 00177948); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 2– 7.V.2002, M. Buck (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187281); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 30.IV–7.V.2002, Landslide in forest, M. Buck et al. (3 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00196363, DEBUAbout DEBU 00196364, DEBUAbout DEBU 00196367); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 7.V.2002, M. Buck (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178866, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178868); Napo, vic. Misahualli ca., 1º2’ S 77º40’ W, 450 m, 27–31.X.2002, E. M. Fisher (4 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Napo, Jatun Sacha, 7.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Napo, Jatun Sacha, 5.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Pompeya, Napo R. Pastaza, 250 m, 14–22.IV.1965, L. Pena (2 ♀, CNCAbout CNC 503349, CNCAbout CNC 503424); Rio Palenque, (Univ. Miami Res. Sta.), 29.VII.1978, G. J. Umphrey (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); HONDURAS. Gracas a Dios, Rio Paluca, Kausirpe, 22–24.V.1994, B. D. Gill (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138357); MEXICO. Pue. Iz. Metamoros, 26.VIII.1969, L. A. Kelton (1 ♀, CNCAbout CNC 503343); Tabasco, Teapa (8 km SW), 6.V.1985, Amnon Freidberg (4 ♀, 3 ♂, TAUAbout TAU); PERUAbout PERU. Avispas, Madre de Dios, 400 m, 10–20.IX.1962, L. Pena (3 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 503345, CNCAbout CNC 503346, CNCAbout CNC 503364); Cusco, Estacion Biologica Villa Carmen, 12º53’39”S 71º24’14”W, 540m, 12– 14.XII.2013, A. L. Norrbom & B. D. Sutton (2 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); Madre de Dios, Pantiacolla Lodge, Alto Madre de Dios River, 420 m, FIT, 12º39’18” S 71º13’54” W, 14–19.XI.2007, D. Brzoska (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00343608, DEBUAbout DEBU 00356554); TRINIDAD. Tabaquite, 27.XI.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 2.XII.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 19.XII.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 22.XII.1902, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 7.I.1903, H. D. Chipman (3 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 20.I.1903, H. D. Chipman (2 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 10.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (2 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 12.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 21.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Tabaquite, 20.XI.1903, H. D. Chipman (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); VENEZUELA. Sucre, Puy-Puy, 32km E Carupano, plantations & 2º forest nr. beach, sweep, 31.III– 2.IV.1988, M. von Tschirnhaus (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00256927)

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela.

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

DEBU

Ontario Insect Collection, University of Guelph

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

IAVH

Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt

MNCR

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

STR

Institut de Botanique

TAU

Tel-Aviv University

PERU

Universit� di Perugia

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Micropezidae

Genus

Cardiacephala

Loc

Cardiacephala nigra Schiner, 1868

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A. 2018

2018
Loc

Rhoecius vulgus

Hennig, W. 1935: 49Enderlein, G. 1922: 228

1935
Loc

Plocoscelus niger (

Hennig, W. 1935: 49

1935
Loc

Cardiacephala nigra

Schiner, J. R. 1868: 255