Preophidion meyeri ( Koken, 1888 ),

Ebersole, Jun A., Cicimurri, David J. & Stringer, Gary L., 2019, Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of the elasmobranchs and bony fishes (Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes) of the lower-to-middle Eocene (Ypresian to Bartonian) Claiborne Group in Alabama, USA, inclu, European Journal of Taxonomy 585, pp. 1-274: 197-198

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Preophidion meyeri ( Koken, 1888 )


Preophidion meyeri ( Koken, 1888) 

Fig. 70View Fig C–D

Otolithus (Gadidarum) meyeri Koken, 1888: 289–290  , pl. 18, figs 8–9.

Otolithus (Gadidarum) meyeri – Campbell 1929a: 272–273  , pl. 29, figs 8–9.

Preophidion meyeri – Frizzell & Dante 1965: 713  , 715.

“genus Lepophidiinorum ” meyeri – Nolf 1980: 111  , pl. 18, fig. 16; 1985: 66, fig. 51o.

Symmetrosulcus meyeri – Schwarzhans 1981: 75  , 78, pl. 20.

“genus Neobythitinarum ” meyeri – Breard & Stringer 1995: 80  . — Müller 1999: 126. — Nolf 2003: 5, pl. 1, fig. 9. — Nolf & Stringer 2003: 4–5, pl. 3, figs 3–10.

“ Neobythitina ” meyeri – Nolf 2013: 68  , pl. 125.

Material examined

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA – Alabama • 131 otoliths; MSC 7303.1, MSC 7303.2, MSC 7303.4, MSC 7303.5, MSC 35076.2, MSC 37236.1, MSC 37236, MSC 39055, GLS otolith comparative collection (104 specimens), WSU CC 466.1View Materials, WSU CC 466.2View Materials, WSU CC 466.3View Materials, WSU CC 466.4View Materials, WSU CC 467.1View Materials, WSU CC 467.2View Materials, WSU CC 467.3View Materials, WSU CC 467.4View Materials, WSU CC 468.1View Materials, WSU CC 468.2View Materials, WSU CC 468.3View Materials, WSU CC 468.4View Materials, WSU CC 469.1View Materials, WSU CC 469.2View Materials, WSU CC 469.3View Materials, WSU CC 476.1View Materials, WSU CC 476.2View Materials, WSU CC 476.3View Materials, WSU CC 476.4View Materials  .


Sagittae biconvex, with oblong to elliptic shape (sensu Smale et al. 1995); height/length ratio from approximately 44–53%. Inner face smooth, convex. Adult specimens of small to medium size (rarely exceeding 6 mm). Margins of adult and juvenile specimens smooth. Anterior margin bluntly pointed, anterodorsal margin long, slightly arched. Dorsal margin short, almost horizontal. Posterodorsal margin very slightly arched, longer than anterodorsal margin. Posterior margin thinly pointed. Ventral margin evenly and broadly rounded. Lightly impressed, distinct sulcus located on inner face. Sulcus divided, completely enclosed, marked by incised lines. Ostium is about equal in length to cauda. Sides of ostium nearly parallel. Anterior end of ostium sharply pointed, almost touches anterodorsal margin. Ostium filled with colliculum, not excavated. Slight ventral constriction of ostium near junction (incised line) with cauda. Cauda is approximately same width as ostium. Sides of cauda nearly parallel but for slight ventral constriction near intersection with the ostium. Cauda/ostium intersection marked by thin, slightly inclined, incised line. The cauda filled with colliculum, not excavated. Posterior end of cauda bluntly rounded, separated from posterior margin by distinct, narrow border. Shallow, elongated, irregular depressed area centered above sulcus. Crista superior weakly developed; crista inferior lacking or very weakly developed. Ventral furrow usually absent. Outer face convex, dorsal portion more strongly convex. Outer face strongly sculptured to undulating. Rounded anterodorsal dome visible.


This extinct species of cusk-eel was widely distributed and quite abundant within the US Gulf Coast during the Eocene. It has been reported from Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas ( Frizzell & Dante 1965; Breard & Stringer 1995; Stringer & Miller 2001; Green & Stringer 2002; Nolf & Stringer 2003; Stringer et al. 2013). In Alabama, P. meyeri  is the only species known from all three of the Claiborne Group formations, and it is the most abundant species we encountered. At one Lisbon Formation site, the species represents almost 50% of the total otolith specimens in the sample.

Stratigraphic and geographic range in Alabama

Specimens were recovered from the lower Tallahatta Formation at site ADl-1, the “upper” Lisbon Formation at site ACh-8, and the Gosport Sand at site ACl-4. Upper Ypresian to middle Bartonian, zones NP14 to NP17.


Weber State University, Bird and Mammal Collection














Preophidion meyeri ( Koken, 1888 )

Ebersole, Jun A., Cicimurri, David J. & Stringer, Gary L. 2019

Preophidion meyeri –

Frizzell D. L. & Dante J. H. 1965: 713

Symmetrosulcus meyeri –

Schwarzhans W. 1981: 75