Bombus (Pyrobombus) impatiens Cresson, 1863

Palmier, Kirsten M. & Sheffield, Cory S., 2019, First records of the Common Eastern Bumble Bee, Bombusimpatiens Cresson (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Apinae, Bombini) from the Prairies Ecozone in Canada, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 30953-30953: 30953

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e30953

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/368F2BCF-9BFE-484E-BD46-CE2FA36CD09E

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Bombus (Pyrobombus) impatiens Cresson, 1863
status

 

Bombus (Pyrobombus) impatiens Cresson, 1863 

Bombus impatiens  Cresson 1863: 90 [♂]

Bombus (Pyrobombus) impatiens 

Bombus (Pratobombus) impatiens var. deayi  Chandler 1956: 116 [♀]

Bombus (Pyrobombus) impatiens 

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-181532; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; subgenus: Pyrobombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: 20 km south Medicine Hat ; decimalLatitude: 49.9855; decimalLongitude: -110.75101; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Cory S. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: sweeping; year: 2014; month: 7; day: 1; habitat: roadside; Melilotus officinalis; Record Level: language: en; collectionID: urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34252; institutionCode: RSKM; collectionCode: ENT; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-181533; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; subgenus: Pyrobombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: 20 km south Medicine Hat ; decimalLatitude: 49.9855; decimalLongitude: -110.75101; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Cory S. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: sweeping; year: 2014; month: 7; day: 1; habitat: roadside; Melilotus officinalis; Record Level: language: en; collectionID: urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34252; institutionCode: RSKM; collectionCode: ENT; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-181534; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; subgenus: Pyrobombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: 20 km south Medicine Hat ; decimalLatitude: 49.9855; decimalLongitude: -110.75101; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Cory S. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: sweeping; year: 2014; month: 7; day: 1; habitat: roadside; Melilotus officinalis; Record Level: language: en; collectionID: urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34252; institutionCode: RSKM; collectionCode: ENT; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-181535; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; subgenus: Pyrobombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: 20 km south Medicine Hat ; decimalLatitude: 49.9855; decimalLongitude: -110.75101; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Cory S. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: sweeping; year: 2014; month: 7; day: 1; habitat: roadside; Melilotus officinalis; Record Level: language: en; collectionID: urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34252; institutionCode: RSKM; collectionCode: ENT; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-173057; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.07984; decimalLongitude: -110.77859; Identification: identifiedBy: C. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: year: 2016; month: 8; day: 10; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-173058; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.07984; decimalLongitude: -110.77859; Identification: identifiedBy: C. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: year: 2016; month: 8; day: 10; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-173059; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.07984; decimalLongitude: -110.77859; Identification: identifiedBy: C. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: year: 2016; month: 8; day: 10; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-173060; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.07984; decimalLongitude: -110.77859; Identification: identifiedBy: C. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: year: 2016; month: 8; day: 10; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-173061; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.07984; decimalLongitude: -110.77859; Identification: identifiedBy: C. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: year: 2016; month: 8; day: 10; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-173062; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.07984; decimalLongitude: -110.77859; Identification: identifiedBy: C. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: year: 2016; month: 8; day: 10; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-173063; recordedBy: C. Sheffield, D. Fauser; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.07984; decimalLongitude: -110.77859; Identification: identifiedBy: C. Sheffield; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: year: 2016; month: 8; day: 10; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-189525; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7905; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 22-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-189530; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7905; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 22-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-189529; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7905; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 22-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-189528; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7905; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 22-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-189527; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7905; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 22-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-189526; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7905; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 22-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-197326; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7079; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 13-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-197327; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0752; decimalLongitude: -110.7079; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 13-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-197484; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0657; decimalLongitude: -110.778; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 13-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-197486; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0657; decimalLongitude: -110.778; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 13-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-197485; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.0657; decimalLongitude: -110.778; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 13-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-197522; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.083; decimalLongitude: -110.8163; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 13-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: RSKM_ENT_E-197523; recordedBy: K. Palmier; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; Taxon: scientificName: Bombusimpatiens; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Hymenoptera; family: Apidae; genus: Bombus; specificEpithet: impatiens; scientificNameAuthorship: Cresson, 1863; vernacularName: Common Eastern Bumble Bee; Location: continent: North America; country: Canada; stateProvince: Alberta; locality: Redcliff ; decimalLatitude: 50.083; decimalLongitude: -110.8163; Identification: identifiedBy: K. Palmier; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Blue Vane Trap; verbatimEventDate: 13-Jun-2018 to 13-Jul-2018; Record Level: collectionCode: Insects; ownerInstitutionCode: RSKM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps 

Diagnosis

Bombus impatiens  is morphologically unique amongst other North American bumble bees in that both males and females have only the first metasomal tergum with pale pubescence, the remaining terga are entirely black (Fig. 1). On rare instances, some individuals may have the second and third terga with some orange pubescence medially, hence the form described by Chandler (1956) (see Taxon Treatment above).

Distribution

In Canada, this species native range includes southern Ontario, Quebec and perhaps adjacent New Brunswick ( Laverty and Harder 1988), but has established throughout the Maritime Provinces ( Sheffield et al. 2003, Williams et al. 2014) and south-western British Columbia ( Ratti and Colla 2010) and has been used commercially in field settings in Newfoundland ( Hicks 2011, Hicks and Sircom 2016, Hicks et al. 2018). In the United States, it is widespread in the east, with only a handful of records west of Texas ( Williams et al. 2014).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Genus

Bombus