Ypsolopha parenthesella ( Linnaeus, 1761 )

Jin, Qing, Wang, Shuxia & Li, Houhun, 2013, Review of the genus Ypsolopha Latreille, 1796 from China (Lepidoptera: Ypsolophidae), Zootaxa 3705 (1), pp. 1-91: 21-22

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3705.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:951736E6-A034-4EA8-8A5C-9674628BFF95

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5D336942-6146-FFF8-24FF-B00BFCF7F856

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ypsolopha parenthesella ( Linnaeus, 1761 )
status

 

Ypsolopha parenthesella ( Linnaeus, 1761) 

( Figs 14View FIGURES 12 – 18, 65View FIGURES 61 – 65 a, 114View FIGURES 111 – 116, 164View FIGURES 164 – 169)

Phalaena  Tinea parenthesella  Linnaeus, 1761: 367; Linnaeus, 1767: 890; Gmelin, 1790: 2594. Tinea parenthesella (Linnaeus)  : Fabricius, 1775: 661; Fabricius, 1781: 297; Fabricius, 1787: 247; Fabricius, 1794: 307. Alucita costella Fabricius, 1775: 668  ; Fabricius, 1781: 308; Fabricius, 1787: 254; Fabricius, 1794: 336. Tinea ochrella Hübner, 1793  : f. 50.

Alucita maculella Fabricius, 1794: 333  .

Tinea fissella Hübner, 1796: 8  .

Ypsolophus costus Fabricius, 1798: 506  (amended spelling for costella Fabricius  ). Ypsolophus maculatus Fabricius, 1798: 510  (amended spelling for maculella Fabricius  ). Abebaea costella (Fabricius)  : Hübner, 1826: 408.

Ypsolophus fissus Haworth, 1828: 543  (amended spelling for fissella Hübner  ).

Ypsolophus ochroleucus Haworth, 1828: 542  .

Ypsolophus ermineus Haworth, 1828: 542  .

Ypsolophus parenthesellus (Linnaeus)  : Haworth, 1828: 540; Lhomme, 1946: 980; Moriuti, 1964: 203; Friese, 1966: 454; Zagulajev, 1989: 488.

Ypsolophus fissellus (Hübner)  : Stephens, 1829: 223; Stephens 1829: 51.

Ypsolophus costellus (Fabricius)  : Haworth, 1829: 542.

Macrochila parenthesella (Linnaeus)  : Stephens, 1829: 199; Stephens, 1829: 51.

Tinea judeichiella Ratzeburg, 1868: 418  .

Cerostoma parenthesella (Linnaeus)  : Rebel, 1901: 138; Meyrick, 1914: 55 (as syn. of costella Fabricius, 1775  ); Heddergott & Weidner, 1953: 36; Werner, 1958: 68.

Cerostoma parenthesellum (Linnaeus)  : Spuler, 1910: 450; Escherich, 1931: 177; Hering, 1932: 42.

Cerostoma costella (Fabricius)  : Meyrick, 1914: 55; Meyrick, 1928: 801; Issiki, 1932: 1490; Issiki, 1950: 447; Issiki, 1957: 21.

Cerostoma parenthesellum  var. overhaldense Strand, 1919: 61  .

Cerostoma takamukui Matsumura, 1931: 1103  .

Ypsolophus costella (Fabricius)  : Pierce & Metcalfe, 1935: 86.

Ypsolophus takamukui (Matsumura)  : Inoue, 1954: 35 (as syn. of blandella Christoph, 1882  ).

Ypsolophus parenthesella (Linnaeus)  : Inoue, 1954: 35; Okan, 1959: 274.

Ypsolopha parenthesellus (Linnaeus)  : Moriuti, 1977: 90; Moriuti, 1982: 210; Byun & Bae, 2001: 158.

Ypsolopha parenthesella (Linnaeus)  : Agassiz, 1996: 95; Baraniak & Vives, 2005: 325; Sohn et al., 2010: 32; Gershenson & Kozhevnikova, 2013: 108.

Type locality: Sweden.

Adult ( Figs 14View FIGURES 12 – 18 a-b): Wing expanse 18.0−20.0 mm. Forewings with R 4 and R 5 separated or stalked, or R 3 and R 4 stalked ( Figs 65View FIGURES 61 – 65 a a-c).

Material examined. 1 ♂, Xiaolongmen, Beijing (59 ° 55 ′ N, 116 ° 24 ′ E), 1080 m, 20.viii. 2009, coll. Aihuan Zhang & Xueling Tian; 1 ♂, Mt. Xinglong, Yuzhong County (35 ° 53 ′ N, 104 °06′ E), Gansu Province, 2120 m, 30.vii. 1993, coll. Houhun Li; 3 ♂♂, 11 ♀♀, Mt. Xinglong, Yuzhong County (35 ° 53 ′ N, 104 °06′ E), Gansu Province, 2178 m, 19−21.viii. 2007, coll. Feng Yang & Hanguang Gao; 1 ♂, Mt. Baiyun, Luoyang (34 ° 11 ′ N, 112 ° 27 ′ E), Henan Province, 1500 m, 8.ix. 2000, coll. Houhun Li & Karsholt; 1 ♀, Jingyuan County (35 ° 29 ′ N, 106 ° 19 ′ E), Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, 2100 m, 7.viii. 2000, Houhun Li & Shuxia Wang; 1 ♂, Chengcheng County (35 ° 11 ′ N, 109 ° 56 ′ E), Shaanxi Province, 1000 m, 7.vii. 1987, coll. Houhun Li; 1 ♂, 5 ♀♀, Mt. Li, Jincheng (35 ° 30 ′ N, 112 ° 51 ′ E), Shanxi Province, 1520 m, 19.viii. 2006, coll. Xu Zhang & Haiyan Bai.

Host plants. Myricaceae  : Myrica Linn.  ; Betulaceae  : Alnus Mill.  , Betula Linn.  ; Corylaceae  : Carpinus Linn.  , Corylus Linn.  ; Fagaceae  : Fagus sylvatica Linn.  , Quercus robur Linn.  ; Rosaceae  : Malus Mill.  ; Ulmaceae  : Ulmus carpinifolia Ripp.  ; Salicaceae  : Populus Linn.  , P. tremula Linn.  Oleaceae  : Fraxinus excelsior Linn.  ( Moriuti 1977; Zagulajev 1989; Kozhevnikova 2005; Gershenson & Kozhevnikova 2013).

Distribution. China (Beijing, Gansu, Henan, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi), Japan, Korea, Russia, Asia Minor, Mideast Asia, Europe.

Diagnosis. This species is allied to Y. albula  sp. nov. in appearance and in the male genitalia, but can be distinguished by the absence of the strips along the veins of the forewing, and the relatively long saccus that is about 2 / 3 length of the socius ( Fig. 114View FIGURES 111 – 116); in Y. albula  sp. nov., the forewing has grayish brown or ocherous brown strips along the veins ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 12 – 18), and the male saccus is 1 / 3 length of the socius ( Fig. 115View FIGURES 111 – 116). Ypsolopha parenthesella  is also related to Y. leuconotella (Snellen)  in the female genitalia, but can be separated by the relatively short ductus bursae that is 1.25 times length of the corpus bursae, and the long ovate corpus bursae ( Fig. 164View FIGURES 164 – 169); in Y. leuconotella (Snellen)  , the ductus bursae is 1.5 times length of the corpus bursae and the corpus bursae is triangular ( Fig. 159View FIGURES 158 – 163).

Remarks. This species is highly variable in colour, markings and venation of the forewing. The ground colour varies from gray to ocherous brown. In most individuals, there is a white strip extending from basal 1 / 4 to 3 / 4 of the cell, but in some other individuals there is a black strip extending from the base to the apex of the cell; the number of the black dots along costa varies from four to about sixteen; the veins R 4 and R 5 are separated or stalked, but in some individuals R 3 is stalked with R 4. In spite of these differences among individuals, the black dot at the lower angle of the cell is steady in all of the examined specimens.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Plutellidae

Genus

Ypsolopha

Loc

Ypsolopha parenthesella ( Linnaeus, 1761 )

Jin, Qing, Wang, Shuxia & Li, Houhun 2013

2013
Loc

Ypsolopha parenthesella

Gershenson 2013: 108
Sohn 2010: 32
Baraniak 2005: 325
Agassiz 1996: 95

1996
Loc

Ypsolopha parenthesellus

Byun 2001: 158
Moriuti 1982: 210
Moriuti 1977: 90

1977
Loc

Ypsolophus takamukui

Inoue 1954: 35

1954
Loc

Ypsolophus parenthesella

Okan 1959: 274
Inoue 1954: 35

1954
Loc

Ypsolophus costella

Pierce 1935: 86

1935
Loc

Cerostoma costella

Issiki 1957: 21
Issiki 1950: 447
Issiki 1932: 1490
Meyrick 1928: 801
Meyrick 1914: 55

1914
Loc

Cerostoma parenthesellum

Hering 1932: 42
Escherich 1931: 177
Spuler 1910: 450

1910
Loc

Cerostoma parenthesella

Werner 1958: 68
Heddergott 1953: 36
Meyrick 1914: 55
Rebel 1901: 138

1901
Loc

Ypsolophus fissellus (Hübner)

Stephens 1829: 223Stephens 1829: 51

1829
Loc

Macrochila parenthesella

Stephens 1829: 199Stephens 1829: 51

1829
Loc

Ypsolophus parenthesellus

Zagulajev 1989: 488
Friese 1966: 454
Moriuti 1964: 203
Lhomme 1946: 980
Haworth 1828: 540

1828
Loc

Phalaena

Fabricius 1794: 307Fabricius 1794: 336
Gmelin 1790: 2594
Fabricius 1787: 247
Fabricius 1787: 254
Fabricius 1781: 297
Fabricius 1781: 308
Fabricius 1775: 661Fabricius 1775: 668
Linnaeus 1767: 890
Linnaeus 1761: 367

1761
Loc

Alucita maculella

Fabricius 1794: 333

Loc

Tinea fissella Hübner, 1796 : 8

Hubner 1796: 8

Loc

Ypsolophus costus

Fabricius 1798: 506Fabricius 1798: 510

Loc

Ypsolophus fissus

Haworth 1828: 543

Loc

Ypsolophus ochroleucus

Haworth 1828: 542

Loc

Ypsolophus ermineus

Haworth 1828: 542

Loc

Tinea judeichiella

Ratzeburg 1868: 418

Loc

Cerostoma parenthesellum

Strand 1919: 61

Loc

Cerostoma takamukui

Matsumura 1931: 1103