Paraconger wechesensis, Lin & Nolf & Steurbaut, 2022

Lin, Chien-Hsiang & Nolf, Dirk, 2022, Middle and late Eocene fish otoliths from the eastern and southern USA, European Journal of Taxonomy 814, pp. 1-122 : 39-40

publication ID

publication LSID


persistent identifier

taxon LSID

treatment provided by


scientific name

Paraconger wechesensis

sp. nov.

Paraconger wechesensis sp. nov.

Fig. 11E–F View Fig


OL/OH = 1.17–1.25. Elliptic otoliths with protruding dorsal area in the middle. Sulcus wide, long, but not divided into ostium and cauda. Narrow ostial channel present at antero-dorsal corner.


The species is named after the formation from which it was collected.

Material examined

Holotype UNITED STATES OF AMERICA • Left otolith; Texas, Wall Farm 1; Weches Formation ; Fig. 11E View Fig ; IRSNB P 9997 .

Paratypes UNITED STATES OF AMERICA • 100 otoliths of which one is figured, Fig. 11F View Fig ; same collection data as for holotype; IRSNB P 9998 .

Type locality and horizon

United States of America, Wall Farm 1 (Texas), Weches Formation.

Dimensions of the holotype

Length = 4.33 mm; height = 3.24 mm; thickness = 1.22 mm.


The species is characterized by massive, more or less elliptic otoliths that are high in the center, with a protruding dorsal rim. This protruding dorsal part of the otoliths is sharply raised, making its anterior rim and particularly the posterior one steep and angled. The anterior and the ventral rims are, overall, smoothly curved. The posterior rim of the otolith is extended and its shape varies; it is angled in the holotype ( Fig. 11E View Fig ) but tapering upwards in many of the smaller specimens ( Fig. 11F View Fig ). The inner face is convex and the outer face is slightly concave but swollen in the center. The sulcus is wide, nearly straight and not distinctively divided into ostium and cauda; it opens very restrictedly to the anterodorsal rim of the otolith. A single large elevated colliculum fills the entire sulcus. A marked constriction in the posterior part of the crista inferior is followed by a broad ventrally extended posterior end of the cauda.


The otoliths of this species are readily distinguished from those of the co-occurring related species, Paraconger brazosensis (Dante & Frizzell, 1965) , P. sector ( Koken, 1888) , and P. yazooensis Nolf & Stringer, 2003 , by their more compact outline and wider and rounded ventral area. They have a slightly more extended posterior part than those of P. solidus ( Fig. 38C View Fig ) from the Piney Point Formation of Virginia. Paraconger wechesensis sp. nov. is currently confined to the Weches Formation; however, the available specimens are not always perfectly preserved; many of them are somewhat worn and surface abraded.

Stratigraphic and geographic distribution

Lutetian: Weches Formation, Texas.