Platycleis (Squamiana) supericola Ünal

Ünal, Mustafa, 2018, Tettigoniinae (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) from Turkey with key to genera and descriptions of six new species, Zootaxa 4432 (1), pp. 1-66: 21-23

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4432.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D44C8383-4070-44B6-91CE-4A0940A0F094

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/8B5C87A2-FFB4-FFF5-FF6C-F91D094FFD4A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Platycleis (Squamiana) supericola Ünal
status

sp. nov.

Platycleis (Squamiana) supericola Ünal  , sp. nov.

( Figs. 231–242View FIGURES 222–239View FIGURES 240–254, 318–323 View Figure )

Description. Male (holotype): Fastigium of vertex 1.2 times wider than width of eye. Antennal scapus 2.5 times narrower than fastigium of vertex, 2 times narrower than width of eye and 1.3 times narrower than frontal groove. Pronotum ( Figs. 231–234 View Figure ) flattened in metazona, with a distinct median carina; no lateral carinae; anterior margin almost straight, posterior margin broadly rounded; shoulder incision very weak; paranota with the typical large dark spot bordered by the typical light band. Tegmina ( Figs. 231–234 View Figure ) 1.05 times shorter than pronotum, reaching to middle of 3rd abdominal tergite, its apex strongly narrowed. Femora ( Figs. 231 View Figure , 318 View Figure ) unarmed. Thoracic auditory spiracle very narrow and long, concealed under paranota, only visible from the postero-lateral view of pronotum. Last abdominal tergite ( Figs. 235 View Figure , 320 View Figure ) as in usual form in the subgenus; short, wide triangular posterior lobes, slightly incurved at apex, with a distinct triangular incision. Cercus ( Figs. 235 View Figure , 321 View Figure ) long, narrow and straight along its length; inner tooth quite near to apex; basal part with parallel margins, apical part narrowed and narrowly rounded at apex, not pointed. Subgenital plate ( Fig. 236 View Figure ) longer than wide, with median and lateral carinae; posterior incision quite deep and triangular; styli twice as depth as posterior incision. Titillators ( Fig. 322 View Figure ) with short and thick apical arms, in some paratypes apical arms more slender; basal part of apical arms with sparse and relatively less spines; middle part of titillator distinctly inflated upwards with distinct spines; basal arms strongly upcurved, long and relatively wide.

Female: Fastigium of vertex 1.3 times wider than width of eye. Antennal scapus 3 times narrower than fastigium of vertex, 2.4 times narrower than width of eye and 1.75 times narrower than frontal groove. Pronotum ( Figs. 237–240View FIGURES 222–239View FIGURES 240–254) with slightly convex prozona; metazona flattened with a distinct median carina; shoulder incision more distinct than that of male; anterior margin almost straight, posterior margin broadly rounded in dorsal view. Tegmina ( Figs. 237–240View FIGURES 222–239View FIGURES 240–254) 1.2 times shorter than pronotum, reaching to middle of 3rd abdominal tergite; slightly narrowed towards apex; apex broadly rounded, but suddenly narrowed in the middle. Legs ( Figs. 237 View Figure , 319 View Figure ) as in male. Thoracic auditory spiracle very narrow. Last abdominal tergite very short, with 2 wide triangular lobes. Cerci simple, long spine-shaped. Subgenital plate ( Figs. 241 View Figure , 323 View Figure ) slightly wider than long, posterior margin very shallow and triangularly incised, with side sklerite as in other congeners. 6th and 7th abdominal sternites ( Figs. 241 View Figure , 323 View Figure ) inflated in the middle. Ovipositor ( Figs. 237 View Figure , 242 View Figure ) distinctly upcurved; widened in middle part, apical 1/ 3 strongly and sharply narrowed.

Color. Body various shades of brown, with dark brown and black spots, stripes and markings. Antenna unicolor light brown in male, milky brown in female. Head milky greyish brown in male, milky brown in female with 2 spots on face; dorsal surface of head 6 short, longitudinal stripes, the narrower 2 stripes lie along the mid line the others behind eyes; in female middle 2 distinct only on fastigium of vertex as 2 spots. Pronotum with typical paranotal large dark spots bordered by typical light band from fore, hind and ventral margins; dorsal surface milky brown in female, slightly darker in male. Sc, distal part of R and some apical branches of M dark brown, all the other main veins and most of the transversal veinlets lightened, milky creamish brown; interveinal fields darker, light brown to black. Fore and mid legs creamish brown with irregular dark (brown to black) spots and stripes. Hind femur with typical longitudinal stripes on outer and inner surfaces and anterior end of dorsal surface. Abdomen light brown with irregular dark spots and short stripes; both sides of 2nd–4th tergites blackish band. Ovipositor bright dark brown in distal 2/3 and ivory color in proximal part.

Diagnosis. This new species is different from Platycleis (Squamiana) kurmana Ramme, 1951  by the distinct typical dark spot on paranota (very weak or absent in P. kurmana  , Figs. 243, 245 View Figure ), the shape of titillator with longer and narrower basal arms and with clearly infated middle part, shorter styli of male subgenital plate, more distinct shoulder incision in male (indistinct in the male of P. kurmana  , Figs. 243, 245 View Figure ), the narrower pronotal auditory spiracle, the shape of slightly longer female tegmina (almost triangular and 1.3 times shorter than pronotum in P. kurmana  , Fig. 245 View Figure ), female subgenital plate with shallow and wide triangular posterior incision (posterior margin concave in P. kurmana  ) and with the distinct longitudinal median furrow (very weak in P. kurmana  ); the shape of ovipositor (in P. kurmana  as in Figs. 246–247 View Figure ); In P. kurmana  male last tergite and cerci are as in Fig. 244 View Figure .

It is different from Platycleis (Squamiana) sinuata Ramme, 1951  by the shorter tegmina in both sexes with more pointed apexes (clearly longer and more rounded at apex in P. sinuata  , Figs. 248, 251 View Figure ), the slit-like pronotal auditory spiracle (clearly much wider, with parallel sides and with rounded tips in P. sinuata  ), the shape of male cerci with almost preapical inner tooth (cerci distinctly shorter and wider with inner tooth near to middle in distal part in P. sinuata  , Fig. 249 View Figure ), titillators with inflated middle part (middle part of titillator straight or slightly convex in P. sinuata  ), longer styli of male subgenital plate, the female subgenital plate that wider than long (slightly longer than wide in P. sinuata  ) with wide triangular incision (posterior incision rounded in P. sinuata  ), the 6th and 7th abdominal sternites with weaker projections, shape of ovipositor (gradualy and regularly narrowed and less upcurved in P. sinuata  , Figs. 250, 252 View Figure ).

It is separated from Platycleis (Squamiana) irritans Ramme, 1951  by the shape of titillator with clearly inflated middle part and long, upcurved basal arms, the almost pointed tegmina in both sexes (distinctly more rounded at apex in P. irritans  ), male last tergite with shorter and wider lobes, and with shallower median incision, much wider ovipositor in the middle part (in P. irritans  ovipositor very similar to P. sinuata  that gradually narrowed and less upcurved).

Platycleis (Squamiana) salmani Çıplak, 2002  and Platycleis (Squamiana) melendisensis Çıplak, 2002  are much smaller species. Tegmina in both sexes of P. salmani  rounded at apex ( Figs. 265, 267 View Figure ); of P. melendisensis  much longer ( Figs. 270, 272 View Figure ). The shape of titillators and ovipositors are very different in these species ( Figs. 268–269 View Figure , 273–74 View Figure ). The new species is different from Platycleis (Squamiana) weidneri Demirsoy, 1974  by the larger size (clearly smaller in P. weidneri  ). The other differences of P. weidneri  are similar that of P. sinuata  .

Measurements (mm). Holotype: body 24.3; pronotum 6.8; tegmina 6.5; hind femur 19.3. Paratypes: body: male 20.5–23.2, female 22.5–25.6; pronotum: male 6.4–6.8, female 7–7.9; tegmina: male 5.2–6.1, female 5.7–6.8; hind femur: male 18.8–20.8, female 20.7–23.1; ovipositor: 11.3–12.8.

Material examined. TURKEY: Hakkari, Süvarihalil Geçidi , 2350 m, 7.9.2013, 4 males (including holotype)  , 3 females, 2450–2560, 2 females; 2300–2455, 6.9.2013, 1 female, plus 1 female in alcohol; Şırnak, Beytüşşebap, Kato Dağı, Beşağaç Köyü , 2398 m, 6.9.2013, 3 males, 4 females, plus 1 female in alcohol (leg. M. Ünal & A. Erden) (AİBÜEM). 

Etymology. “superus” means being above in Latin. This new species is a habitant of the highlands of the Mount Kato.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Orthoptera

Family

Tettigoniidae

Genus

Platycleis

Loc

Platycleis (Squamiana) supericola Ünal

Ünal, Mustafa 2018

2018
Loc

Platycleis (Squamiana) salmani Çıplak, 2002

Ciplak 2002

2002
Loc

Platycleis (Squamiana) melendisensis Çıplak, 2002

Ciplak 2002

2002
Loc

P. salmani

Ciplak 2002

2002
Loc

P. melendisensis

Ciplak 2002

2002
Loc

Platycleis (Squamiana) weidneri

Demirsoy 1974

1974
Loc

P. weidneri

Demirsoy 1974

1974
Loc

P. weidneri

Demirsoy 1974

1974
Loc

P. sinuata

Ramme 1951

1951