Hesione, SAVIGNY IN LAMARCK, 1818,

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I., 2018, Revision of Hesione Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (Annelida, Errantia, Hesionidae), Zoosystema 40 (12), pp. 227-325: 317-318

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/zoosystema2018v40a12

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6CBF9039-7E4D-4938-909A-2DB5113C8D35

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3810217

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C17687BD-FF87-FFAC-FE3E-FF7ADF20FBAE

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Hesione
status

 

KEY TO SPECIES OF HESIONE SAVIGNY IN LAMARCK, 1818 

1. Neuraciculae blackish .................................................................................................................................. 2

— Neuraciculae both pale, colorless; acicular lobes single, tapered; neurochaetal blades very long (6-12 times as long as wide) ........................................................................................................................... H. horsti  n. sp.

2. Parapodia with acicular lobe single (lower tine, if present, reduced to a small round lobe; upper tine three or more than four times longer than lower one; see figs 7C, 8C, 10D) ............................................................ 3

— Parapodia with acicular lobe double (of similar length, or upper tine 2-3 times longer than lower one; see Figs 5DView FIG, 15CView FIG, 18CView FIG); neurochaetal blades bidentate ................................................................................................. 13

3. Neurochaetal blades bidentate ..................................................................................................................... 4

— Neurochaetal blades unidentate (subdistal tooth missing) .......................................................................... 12

4. Neurochaetal blades guards approaching distal tooth ................................................................................... 5

— Neurochaetal blades guards surpassing distal tooth; dorsal cirrophore twice as long as wide (living specimens with dorsal wide homogeneous brownish transverse bands) ....... H. eugeniae Kinberg, 1866  (incl. H. cf. picta  ex auct.)

5. Dorsal surface usually shiny, often areolated; dorsal cirrophore 2-3 times as long as wide (living specimens grayish) .................................................................................................... H. splendida Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 

— Dorsal surface opaque; dorsal cirrophore variable (living specimens often with dorsal longitudinal brownish discontinuous bands) .................................................................................................................................. 6

6. Anterior eyes circular ................................................................................................................................... 7

— Anterior eyes as wide as long ..................................................................................................................... 11

— Anterior eyes as long as wide; dorsal surface smooth or with tubercles arranged into longitudinal series, at least along posterior chaetigers ................................................................................................... H. fitzhughi  n. sp.

7. Acicular lobes tapered, without basal tine; dorsum rugose to microtuberculated, at least along posterior chaetigers ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

– Acicular lobes digitate, blunt, with a small basal round tine; dorsum smooth to slightly rugose, at least along posterior chaetigers .................................................................................................................................... 10

8. Neurochaetal blades 3-4 times as long as wide (living specimens with middorsal oval to foliose, as long as wide pale areas)................................................................................................. H. intertexta Grube, 1878  restricted

— Neurochaetal blades up to 6 times as long as wide......................................................................................... 9

9. Acicular lobe triangular or basally swollen; neurochaetal blades 5-6 times as long as wide (living specimens with discontinuous longitudinal bands, and dorsal segmental, transverse pale, wide bands) .................................... ............................................................................................................... H. ceylonica Grube, 1874  reinstated

— Acicular lobe digitate; neurochaetal blades 4-6 times as long as wide (living specimens with continuous longitudinal bands, and discontinuous reddish brown bands alternating with pale areas middorsally)..................... .............................................................................................................................................. H. uchidai  n. sp.

10. Parapodial cirri with cirrostyles basally smooth; neurochaetal blades 4-6 times as long as wide ........................ ................................................................................................................ H. praetexta Ehlers, 1887  reinstated

— Parapodial cirri with cirrostyles basally swollen; neurochaetal blades 4-5 times as long as wide ....................... .......................................................................................................................................... H. helenensis  n. sp.

11. Acicular lobes blunt; subdistal tooth as wide as distal one, guard surpassing subdistal tooth (living specimens with middorsal pale areas) ..................................................................................... H. pantherina Risso, 1826 

— Acicular lobes tapered; subdistal tooth thinner than distal one, guard approaching distal tooth (living specimens with middorsal blackish round spots) .......................................... H. panamena Chamberlin, 1919  reinstated

12. Neurochaetal blades guards approaching distal tooth; neurochaetal blades 6-8 times as long as wide .............. ............................................................................................................................................ H. harrisae  n. sp.

— Neurochaetal blades guards surpassing distal tooth; neurochaetal blades about 15 times as long as wide ......... ........................................................................................................................................... H. osbornae  n. sp.

13. Subdistal tooth thinner or smaller than distal tooth ................................................................................... 14

— Subdistal tooth as wide as distal tooth ....................................................................................................... 19

14. Antennae long, 4-6 times as long as wide; neurochaetal blades with guards approaching subdistal tooth (living specimens with dorsal longitudinal brownish bands) ...................................................................................... .......................................... H. sicula  delle Chiaje, 1830 reinstated (incl. H. steenstrupi de Quatrefages, 1866  )

— Antennae short, smaller than interocular distance, about 3 times as long as wide ...................................... 15

15. Neurochaetal blades with guards approaching distal tooth ......................................................................... 16

— Neurochaetal blades without guards .......................................................................................................... 18

16. Acicular lobe as long as half chaetal fascicle width (living specimens with irregular transverse brown bands along tentacular segment and chaetigers 1-4 only) .................................................................... H. hartmanae  n. sp.

— Acicular lobe as long as 1/3 chaetal fascicle width ...................................................................................... 17

17. Dorsum annulated, without longitudinal striae, smooth (living specimens with transverse dark brown bands along the whole body) .................................................................................................................................... ...................... H. picta Müller, 1858  (incl. H. proctochona Schmarda, 1861  and H. margaritae Hansen, 1882  )

— Dorsum annulated and with longitudinal striae, rugose (living specimens with a complex, reticulate pigmentation pattern) ............................................................................................ H. reticulata von Marenzeller, 1879 

18. Dorsal cirrophore as long as wide; prostomium rectangular; eyes well-defined (integument thin; living specimens with wide transverse red bands along chaetigers 1-6(7), progressively separated into two bands in following segments) ........................................................................................................................... H. beneliahuae  n. sp.

— Dorsal cirrophore twice as long as wide; prostomium wider posteriorly; eyes poorly defined (integument thick; pigmentation unknown) ....................................................................................................... H. keablei  n. sp.

19. Dorsum of preserved specimens with transverse dark brown bands ........................................................... 20

— Dorsum of preserved specimens colorless; acicular lobe with tines of different length ..................................... ............................................................................................................ H. pacifica McIntosh, 1885  reinstated

20. Wide dark brown transverse band on chaetiger 2; chaetiger 1 mottled or pale; acicular lobe with tines of different length .................................................................................................................................................. 21

— Wide dark brown transverse band on chaetiger 1; chaetiger 2 mottled or pale; acicular lobe with tines of similar length ......................................................................................................... H. genetta Grube, 1864  restricted

21. Longest tentacular cirri reach chaetigers 5-6; dorsal transverse band better defined along anterior margin ...... ............................................................................................................................................. H. paulayi  n. sp.

— Longest tentacular cirri reach chaetigers 8-9; dorsal transverse band well defined along anterior and posterior margins ............................................................................................................................... H. mooreae  n. sp.