Piromis Kinberg, 1867, Kinberg, 1867

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I., 2011, Revision of Piromis Kinberg, 1867 and Pycnoderma Grube, 1877 (Polychaeta: Flabelligeridae), Zootaxa 2819, pp. 1-50: 7

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.277211

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D34C87B8-4D34-2628-FF44-FD5F6699FA1F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Piromis Kinberg, 1867
status

 

Piromis Kinberg, 1867   emended

Piromis Kinberg 1867: 338   , Grube 1877 a:65, 68, Day 1967: 663, Fauchald 1977: 117.

Balanochaeta Chamberlin, 1919: 397   (Type species: Trophonia eruca Claparède, 1868   , by original designation). Type species: Piromis arenosus Kinberg, 1867   , by monotypy.

Diagnosis. Body cylindrical. Tunic thick, usually with adherent sediment grains. Cephalic cage well developed. Anterior margin of chaetiger 1 papillated, middorsal trifid lobe present or absent. First few chaetigers with long parapodial papillae, or papillae formed into dorsal longitudinal rows; these individual papillae sometimes hypertrophied into dorsal tubercles. Neuropodia with multiarticulate bidentate neurochaetae in median and posterior chaetigers. Branchiae cirriform, arising from tongue-like plate.

Remarks. Fauchald (1977: 117) stated that Piromis   contains 10 species, provided with a tongue-shaped branchial plate that might be entire or bifid, and having unidentate or bidentate neurohooks. However, Day (1973: 108) had previously redefined Piromis   to retain only those species provided with bidentate neurohooks, and regarded those species with entire neurohooks as members of Pherusa   . Since Piromis arenosus Kinberg, 1867   , the type species for the genus, has bidentate, multiarticulated neurohooks ( Hartman 1949: 117, P. 15, Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 ), and a tongue-like branchial plate ( Day, 1967: 664, Fig. 32.4 c), these should be the defining characters for the genus.

As herein defined, besides the type species, Piromis arenosus Kinberg, 1867   , Piromis   includes P. amoureuxi   n. sp., P. brisegnoi   n. sp., P. capulata ( Moore, 1909)   n. comb., P. e r u c a ( Claparède, 1868), P. kisemboanus ( Augener, 1918)   n. comb., P. robertsi ( Hartman, 1951)   , P. suni   n. sp., P. vossae   n. sp., P. w e b s t e r i Day, 1973 n. comb., n. status, and P. w e h e i n. sp.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Terebellida

Family

Flabelligeridae

Loc

Piromis Kinberg, 1867

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I. 2011
2011
Loc

Balanochaeta

Chamberlin 1919: 397
1919
Loc

Piromis

Fauchald 1977: 117
Day 1967: 663
Grube 1877: 65
Kinberg 1867: 338
1867