Atypus baotingensis , Li, Fan, Xu, Xin, Zhang, Zengtao, Liu, Fengxiang, Zhang, Hongli & Li, Daiqin, 2018
Li, Fan, Xu, Xin, Zhang, Zengtao, Liu, Fengxiang, Zhang, Hongli & Li, Daiqin, 2018, Two new species of the purse-web spider genus Atypus Latreille, 1804 from Hainan Island, China (Araneae, Atypidae), ZooKeys 762, pp. 47-57: 47
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Atypus baotingensis sp. n. Figs 1, 2
Holotype male (HN-2017-037A): CHINA: Hainan Province: Baoting County, 2 km to Qixianling National Forest Park along y044 Road, 18.71°N, 109.68°E, 205 m elevation, collected on 21 August 2017 by X. Xu, F. Liu, Z. Zhang, and D. Li (CBEE).
6 females (HN-2017-032-HN-2017-037) and 1 male (HN-2017-037B), collected at the same locality as the holotype, 21 August 2017 by X. Xu, F. Liu, Z. Zhang, and D. Li (CBEE).
The specific name refers to the type locality.
The male palp of this new species resembles that of A. suiningensis Zhang, 1985, but can be diagnosed from the latter by 1) the wide triangular space between its embolus and conductor in lateral views (Fig. 2 H–I); 2) the relatively long flat upper margin of its conductor in retrolateral view, with a triangular folded part of the upper corner of its conductor (Fig. 2H); and 3) the first pair of sigilla are connected by arched wrinkles across the anterior sternal margin (Fig. 2C). The female genitalia of the new species resembles that of A. ledongensis (Fig. 3 D–F), but can be distinguished from the latter by the basal stalks of median pair of receptacula almost being as long as those of the lateral pair (Fig. 2 J–L). In A. ledongensis , the basal stalks of the median pair of receptacula are obviously short, whereas the basal stalks of lateral pair of receptacula are as long as their diameter (Fig. 3 D–F).
Male (holotype).TL (including chelicerae) 11.44. CL 3.34, CW 3.55, AL 4.56, AW 2.78. Carapace black brown. Fovea placed back 2/3 of carapace length with some radiative grooves. Eye diameter: AME 0.24, ALE 0.10, PME 0.10. Distances: AME–AME 0.46, AME–ALE 0.31, PME–PME 0.83, PME–PLE 0.13. MOA 0.34, front width 0.94, back width 1.03. Labium wider than long. Sternum reddish brown, 3.11 long, 2.26 wide, moderately roughened clothed with fine black hairs. Sigilla deeply imprinted; first pair anteriorly pointed, close to the margin of the sternum; posterior pair oval bigger than other pairs; second pair small (Fig. 2C). Chelicerae black brown, with 13 teeth on promargin in a single row, basal three fairly small (Fig. 2F).
Abdomen grey black, oval, with dorsal scutum gloss black. Spinnerets six: ALS 0.41 long, PMS 0.72 long, four-segmented PLS with lengths as follows: basal 0.41, median 0.52, subapical 0.41, apical 0.33, total 1.67.
Palpal femur with furrow. Legs slender in red grey. Granular texture only on femur I present. Spines on all metatarsus; metatarsus IV with 17 dorsal spines. Leg formula: 1243.
Male palp (Fig. 2 G–I): long conductor with a triangular folded part of its upper corner in retro-lateral view; embolus long, thin spike with a wide triangular space between embolus and conductor in lateral views.
Female.TL (including chelicerae) 15.91. CL 4.19, CW 4.02, AL 7.35, AW 5.34. Carapace black-brown. Eye region black. Eye diameters: AME 0.24, ALE 0.14, PME 0.18, PLE 0.17. Distances: AME–AME 0.29, AME–ALE 0.20, PME–PME 0.81, PME–PLE 0.09. MOA 0.48, front width 0.77, back width 1.17. Fovea transverse, occupying about 1/5 of carapace width at that point. Chelicerae orange brown with 13 teeth on the promargin in a single row, basal three fairly small. Sternum (Fig. 2B) light orange brown, 3.51 long, 2.30 width, smooth, with scattered black hairs; sigilla relatively light impressions, first pair anteriorly pointed; oval posterior pair much larger.
Abdomen, oval and medium brown (Fig. 1D), with indistinct oval dorsal scutum on anterior half. ALS 0.56, PMS 0.83, four-segmented PLS with lengths as follows: basal 0.66, median 0.70, subapical 0.59, apical 0.75, total 2.7.
Spines on all metatarsus; metatarsus IV with 13 dorsal spines. Leg formula: 4132.
Vulva (Fig. 2 J–L): Genital atrium very short, pore patches small, receptacula attached to anterior edge of atrium; median pair with upper incrassate basal stalks and the basal stalks of the median pair almost being as long as the lateral pair; lateral pair attached to patches of pores.
Size range of females: carapace length 4.19-5.12, carapace width 3.51-5.02, total length 14.13-16.91, n = 6; the basal stalks of left side pairs of receptacula connected in two specimens (Fig. 2L). Size range of males: carapace length 3.34-3.39, carapace width 3.23-3.55, total length 10.64-11.44, n = 2.
Purse webs were found attached to the soil slope along roadside (Fig. 1 A–B).
Hainan Island (Baoting), China.
GenBank accession numbers.
HN-2017-032: MH279555; HN-2017-033: MH279556; HN-2017-036: MH279557; HN-2017-037: MH279558; HN-2017-037A: MH279559.
We examined the holotype and two paratypes of A. ledongensis (Museum of Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei, China), and also successfully sequenced the COI barcode of the holotype specimen (LD-001), which is available on GenBank (GenBank accession number MH279560). The lowest pairwise distance between the holotype of A. ledongensis and the specimens of A. baotingensis sp. n. is 7.2% in mean Kimura 2-parameter distance (K2P) and 6.8% in p-distance. The previous study revealed that the interspecific COI barcode for North American tarantulas is at 5% ( Hamilton et al. 2014), thus it can guide us to diagnose our specimens as a new species, A. baotingensis sp. n. In addition, we provide COI barcode for identification in the future. The intraspecific genetic distance for A. baotingensis sp. n. based on the mean Kimura 2-parameter distance (K2P) and p-distance is 1.4% and 1.0%, respectively.
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