Telemiades squanda Evans, 1953,

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 67-68

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https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4721.1.1

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scientific name

Telemiades squanda Evans, 1953
status

 

Telemiades squanda Evans, 1953 

( Figs 114–117View FIGURES 112–119, 171View FIGURES 170–172, 201View FIGURE 201, 215View FIGURE 215)

Telemiades purpurascens  [misidentification]; Hayward, 1947. Acta zool. Lill. 4: 10; syn.: nicomedes  ; Hayward.— Hayward, 1948. Gen. Sp. Anim. Arg. 1, p. 137, pls 5, fig. 10 (male gen.), 20, fig. 13 (d).— Hayward, 1973. Op. Lill. 23: 37.— Canals, 2003. Marip. Misiones, p. 457.

Telemiades squanda Evans, 1953  . Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 25, pl. 27 (male gen.); [holo] type male, VIII–IX–1884, Lake Sacuaresma, Rio de Janeiro, [Brasil], P. Germain leg.; BM(NH).—K. Brown & Mielke, 1967. Jour. Lep. Soc. 21: 164.—de Jong, 1983. Tijd. Ent. 126: 241.—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 112; 2, p. 36.—K. Brown, 1987. An. Prim. Simp. Pantanal, Brasília, p. 167.—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 177; 2, p. 60.—Austin; Brock & Mielke, 1993. Trop. Lep. 4, Suppl. 2: 6; ecol.—K. Brown & Freitas, 2000. Bol. Mus. Biol. Mello Leitão, n. s., Sta. Teresa, 11/12: 111.— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 57, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A.— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 3, p. 749.—Gareca et al., 2006, in Gareca & Reichle. Marip. diurn. Bolivia, p. 18.—Garwood et al., 2007. Butt. South. Amaz., p. 213, fig. (d).—Núñez B., 2008. Trop. Lep. Res. 18 (2): 80.—Garwood et al., 2009. Butt. South. Amaz., 2nd ed., p. 308, fig. (d).—Núñez B., 2009. Trop. Lep. Res. 19 (2): 77.—Cock & Alston-Smith, 2017. Living World, J. Trin. Tob. Field Nat. Club 2017: 7, 10, 11.—Sambhu & Nankishore, 2018. Zootaxa 4371: 14.

Iliana purpurascens  [misidentification]; Biezanko & Mielke, 1973. Acta biol. paranaense 2: 65.

(no genus) squanda  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 263.

Type material. Telemiades squanda Evans, 1953  was described based on seven males and one female from Brazil (Amazonas, Pará, Goiás, and Rio de Janeiro states), Bolivia, and Guyana. The male holotype is from Sacuaresma [Saquarema], Rio de Janeiro, [ Brazil] and is deposited at the NHMUK with the following labels: / Type [verso from the same label:] squanda Evans  / Brésil Prov. Rio Janeiro Laguna de Sacuaresma P. Germain Aout. Sept. 1884 / R. Oberthür Coll. Brit. Mus. 1931–136/ [label with genitalia attached] Ed/ 26/ BMNH(E) 1669623/.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 20–21 mm (n=5) and females 24–25 mm (n=5). Telemiades squanda  resembles T. meris  and T. trenda  but is easily distinguished by DFW with purple reflection and the morphological pattern of male and female genitalias. T. squanda  differs from T. megallus  by the absence of the spine–like developed projection in the valva, and from T. moa Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  , sp. nov. by the white patch in VHW.

Distribution. Telemiades squanda  is widely distributed in South America, with records in Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Brazil, and Argentina.

Taxonomic discussion. Telemiades squanda  was erroneously associated with Telemiades purpurascens Mabille & Boullet, 1912  [ Emmelus purpurascens  ] by Hayward (1947a, 1948, 1973) and Canals (2003). Emmelus purpurascens  is phenotypically similar to T. squanda  but can be readily distinguished by the yellowish coloration of the labial palps and the first pair of legs, in conjunction with the morphological pattern of the genitalia. The holotype of T. squanda  is from Saquarema, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, while the paratypes are from Guyana, Bolivia and the Brazilian states of Amazonas, Pará and Goiás. The phenotype of the holotype differs from the paratypes in the ground color and development of the apical hyaline spots in FW. The analysis of the genitalia of the paratypes (except the female from the Amazon) revealed no differences with respect to the holotype. It was not possible to dissect the female paratype from Ega [Tefé], Amazonas. However, two females (deposited in the DZUP) also from Amazonas, were dissected, and revealed the same features as the paratype, but distinct from the female of T. squanda  from Rio de Janeiro (same site as the holotype), and from the “ megallus  group”. Therefore, the female from the Amazon may represent an undescribed species. The application of molecular tools for the correct pairing of these specimens is encouraged.

Examined material. PERU: Huánuco— Merced de Locro , near Tingo Maria, 5–XII–1968, 1 male, P. Hocking  leg. (MHNL). Pasco— Parque Nacional Yanachaga–Chemillén, Estación Biológica Paujil, 10º 19’ 25’’ S, 75º 15’ 48’’ W, 22–V–2008, 1 male, J. Grados, S. Carbonel & C. Calderón leg. ( MHNL)GoogleMaps  . San Martin— Juanjui, 2001, 1 female, F. König leg., ex–coll. F. König ( CEB)  .

BOLIVIA: La Paz— Yungas, 1000 m, 1 male, ex. H. Rolle 1902, NHMUK 010242114View Materials * ( NHMUK)  .

GUYANA: no specific locality, 1 male, Parish leg., NHMUK 010242112View Materials * ( NHMUK); Carimang River , 1 male, H. Whitely leg., NHMUK 010242113View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

BRAZIL: Amazonas— Tefé , 1 female, H. W. Bates leg., BMNH (E) 1669624 ( NHMUK). Pará— no specific locality, 1 male, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242115View Materials * ( NHMUK). Goiás— Vianópolis , 1 male, R. Spitz leg., NHMUK 010242116View Materials * ( NHMUK). Distrito Federal— Planaltina , 11-VII-2009, 1 male, Emery leg., ex-coll. Emery, DZ 47.122 ( DZUP). Minas Gerais— Marliéria , Parque Estadual do Rio Doce , 350 m, 8–9–III–1994, 2 males, Mielke leg., DZ 4.661*, DZ 26.252 ( DZUP). São Paulo— Rio Claro , 15–XI–1967, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex–coll. Ebert, OM 45.320 * ( DZUP–OM). Rio de Janeiro— Itatiaia, 22–II–1930, 1 male, ex–coll. J. F. Zikán ( IOC); 4–III–1930, 1 female, ex–coll. Zikán ( IOC); 9–IV–1934, 1 female, ex–coll. Zikán ( IOC); Parque Nacional do Itatiaia , 1000 m, 1–V–1965, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 6.884 ( DZUP–OM); 700 m, 11–IV–1965, 1 female, Ebert leg., ex–coll. Ebert, DZ 3.177* ( DZUP); 800 m, 16–IV–1965, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex–coll. Ebert, DZ 26.256 ( DZUP). Paraná— Antonina, Rio Quebrada , 8-IV-2004, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 76.314 ( DZUP-OM); Guaratuba, Limeira, 10 m, 15–IV– 2000, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 51.887 ( DZUP–OM); Morretes, 10 m, 5–IV–2001, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 53.109 ( DZUP–OM). Santa Catarina— Joinville, 21–III–1967, 1 male, Miers leg., OM 29.771 ( DZUP–OM); 10–200 m, 22–II–1977, 1 male, Miers & Mielke leg., DZ 25.251 ( DZUP); São Bento do Sul, Rio Natal, 500 m, 13–III–1990, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 25.238 ( DZUP–OM); 18–V–1993, 1 male, 19–III–2009, 1 male, 16–IV–2014, 1 male, Rank leg., OM 35.216  , DZ 26.244, DZ 36.132 ( DZUP and DZUP–OM). Rio Grande do Sul— Barra do Quaraí , Marco Rios Quaraí e Uruguai, 11-I-2004, 1 male, Kaminski leg., OM 64.311 ( DZUP-OM)  .

ARGENTINA: Misiones— Almirante Brown— General Belgrano, Reserva Yacutinga, 2–5–III–2007, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 10.332*, DZ 26.253, DZ 26.254, DZ 26.255 ( DZUP)  .

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

MHNL

Musee Guimet d'Histoire Naturelle de Lyon

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

IOC

Colecao de Culturas de Fungos do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades squanda Evans, 1953

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

Telemiades squanda

Evans 1953
1953
Loc

Telemiades purpurascens

Mabille & Boullet 1912
1912
Loc

Iliana purpurascens

Mabille & Boullet 1912
1912