LITHELIOIDEA Haeckel, 1862

Suzuki, Noritoshi, Caulet, Jean-Pierre & Dumitrica, Paulian, 2021, A new integrated morpho- and molecular systematic classification of Cenozoic radiolarians (Class Polycystinea) - suprageneric taxonomy and logical nomenclatorial acts, Geodiversitas 43 (15), pp. 405-573: 441

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/geodiversitas2021v43a15

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DC259A19-9B35-4B33-AD9F-44F4E1DA9983

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5106731

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038DDA73-FFB2-FE13-05D1-FBC7FC254A23

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

LITHELIOIDEA Haeckel, 1862
status

 

Superfamily LITHELIOIDEA Haeckel, 1862 

sensu Matsuzaki et al. (2015)

Lithelida Haeckel, 1862: 240, 515-519 [as both family and tribe]; 1882: 464 [as a family]; 1884: 29 [as a family]; 1887: 604, 688- 691 [as a family].

Litheliacea [sic] – Loeblich & Tappan 1961: 226 (= Lithelioidea   ) [as a superfamily]. — Dumitrica 1984: 101 [as a superfamily].

Ommatodiscilae – Loeblich & Tappan 1961: 225 [as a subsuperfamily].

Sponguracea [sic] – Loeblich & Tappan 1961: 223 (= Sponguroidea   ). — Kozur & Mostler 1981: 37-38 ( sensu emend.   ). — De Wever et al. 2001: 162.

Spongodruppilae – Pessagno 1973: 50, 75 [nomen dubium, as a subsuperfamily];1977c: 73; 1977b: 932-933 [as a subsuperfamily].

Lithelioidea   – Petrushevskaya 1975: 571-572; 1979: 109; 1986: 130. — Dumitrica 1979: 24. — Matsuzaki et al. 2015: 37.

Oviformata   [pars] Afanasieva & Amon in Afanasieva, Amon, Agarkov & Boltovskoy, 2005: S280-281 [as an order of Class Stauraxonaria  ] (= Spongolonchidae + Staurodruppidae + Gomberellidae   + Archaeospongoprunidae   + Phaseliformidae   ). — Afanasieva & Amon 2006: 121 [as an order].

Pyramidata   [pars] Afanasieva & Amon in Afanasieva, Amon, Agarkov & Boltovskoy, 2005: S282 [as an order of Class Stauraxonaria  ] (= Tormentidae   + Ruzhencevispongidae   + Pyramispongiidae   + Cavaspongiidae   ).— Afanasieva & Amon 2006: 122-123 [as an order].

Spongurata   [pars] – Afanasieva et al. 2005: S287 [as an order of Class Stauraxonaria  ] (= Sponguridae   + Litheliidae   ). — Afanasieva & Amon 2006: 130 [as an order].

Sponguroidea   – Matsuzaki et al. 2015: 24. DIAGNOSIS. — The central part contains a tiny spherical microsphere and is characterized by distinctive concentric structures, or walls, which are densely and systematically spaced. Many straight radial beams, if present, evenly radiate from the central part and perforate the concentric structure. Shell shape is spherical, oval, elliptical, cylindrical or flat.

REMARKS

This superfamily includes Conocaryommidae   (although questionably), Litheliidae   (Clade L1), Phaseliformidae   , Pyramispongiidae   and Sponguridae   . A molecular phylogenetic analysis indicates a significantly long interval between Lithelius   and Ommatogramma   (originally Spongocore   in Ishitani et al. 2012) by Ishitani et al. (2012) but it is likely to be close each other in other spumellarians ( Sandin et al. 2021). The superfamily “ Sponguroidea   sensu De Wever et al. (2001: 162)   consists of seven families, and include the Litheliidae   . We use Lithelioidea   as the valid superfamily because the detailed internal structure of Sponguridae   is not well documented yet. Spherical to ellipsoid Lithelioidea   were sometimes confounded with Larcospiroidea   and Phorticioidea   of similar shape under light microscopy. As Lithelioidea   lacks the girdle structure, the lithelioid central part does not appear to have a cornered (square) outline under a light microscope. By referring to the diagnosis of Lithelioidea   , several Mesozoic families ( Gomberellidae Kozur & Mostler 1981   ; Oertlispongidae Kozur & Mostler   in Dumitrica et al. 1980; Pyramispongiidae Kozur & Mostler 1978   ; Spongotortilispinidae Kozur & Mostler in Moix et al. 2007) could potentially be classed into this superfamily.

Afanasieva et al. (2005) established two orders, namely “ Oviformata   ” and “ Spongurata   ”. The combination of both these orders approximately corresponds to the Sponguroidea   sensu De Wever et al. (2001)   , and thus an order-level classification is inappropriate with regard to consistency in the higher taxonomy of Eukaryotes (Cavalier-Smith et al. 2018; Adl et al. 2019).

Loc

LITHELIOIDEA Haeckel, 1862

Suzuki, Noritoshi, Caulet, Jean-Pierre & Dumitrica, Paulian 2021
2021
Loc

Tormentidae

Nazarov & Ormiston 1983
1983
Loc

Gomberellidae

Kozur & Mostler 1981
1981
Loc

Ruzhencevispongidae

Kozur 1980
1980
Loc

Pyramispongiidae

Kozur & Mostler 1978
1978
Loc

Archaeospongoprunidae

Pessagno 1973
1973
Loc

Phaseliformidae

Pessagno 1972
1972
Loc

Sponguridae

Haeckel 1862
1862
Loc

Litheliidae

Haeckel 1862
1862