Scolopia erythrocarpa H.Perrier

Applequist, Wendy L. & Schatz, George E., 2016, A synoptic revision of the Malagasy species of Scolopia Schreb. (Salicaceae, Scolopieae), Adansonia 38 (1), pp. 99-115: 106-107

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/a2016n1a6

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4769930

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039187FF-245C-5047-6A67-FF25F3AEFBF4

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Scolopia erythrocarpa H.Perrier
status

 

3. Scolopia erythrocarpa H.Perrier  

Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, n.s., 13: 277- 278 (1940). — Type: Madagascar. Prov. Toamasina, forêts côtières de l’Est, fl., Louvel 213 (lecto-, designated by Sleumer [ Blumea   20: 54 (1972)], P [ P00077413]!; fragment, L, photo seen)   .

Scolopia louvelii H.Perrier, Mémoires   du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, n.s., 13: 279 (1940), as “ Louveli ”. — Type: Madagascar. Prov. Toamasina, forêts côtières de l’E, fl., Louvel 204 (holo-, P[ P00077410]!; fragment, L, photo seen).

Richeopsis perrierii Arènes, Notulae Systematicae   15: 3-4 (1954). — Type: Madagascar. Prov. Toamasina, environs de Maroantsetra, forêt littorale près de la mer, X.1912, fl., Perrier de la Bâthie 2023 (holo-, P[ P00077411]!; iso-, P[ P00077412]!).

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL EXAMINED. — Madagascar. Prov. Antsiranana, forêt Ambodipont, Vinanivao, Antalaha , Parc Masoala , 15°44’45”S, 50°19’25”E, 0-10 m, 3.X.1996, fl., fr., Bernard 375 ( MO, P, USMS) GoogleMaps   . —

Prov. Fianarantsoa. Fiv. Nosy Varika , fir. Ambahy, Ambahy, 20°46’20”S, 48°28’39”E, 13 m, 7.XII.2002, fr., Koopman et al. 126 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   . — Sous-préfecture Nosy Varika , commune rurale Ambahy, 2.5 km au NE du village d’Ambahy, 20°44’22”S, 48°29’15”E, 14 m, 12.XI.2003, fl., Ludovic 459 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   . — Préfecture Farafangana , commune rurale Mahabo-Mananivo , fokontany Nosiala, zone forestière d’Ampandramadinika, 23°12’38”S, 47°42’44”E, 18 m, 11.IV.2004, fr., Ludovic 710 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Préfecture Farafangana , commune rurale Mahabo-Mananivo, 23°11’06”S, 47°41’31”E, 21 m, 8.XII.2003, fr., Ludovic & Bona Kondro 501 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Préf. Brickaville , com. Amboniaonana , fok. Andravokoditra , forêt de Vohibola, piste Ambodinanto, partie S de Vohibola, 18°34’54”- 18°34’20”S, 49°14’42”- 49°14’54”E, 53 m, 7. I.2003, fr., Ludovic & Rakotoarivony 214 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Fivondronana Farafangana , firaisampokontany Mahabo Mananivo , fokontany Nosy Ala, forêt d’Analazaha, 23°10’13”S, 47°43’27”E, 22 m, 26.VIII.2003, Rabehevitra et al. 552 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   . — Fivondronana Nosy Varika , firaisana Ambahy , fokontany Ambahy, forêt d’Andohan’I Martin, 20°48’07”, 48°28’56”E, 9 m, 15.II.2004, fr., Rabehevitra et al. 891 ( MO)   . — Environs 50 km de Farafangana, sur la route de Vangaindrano, 23°10’15”S, 47°42’29”E, 7.II.2001, fr., Rabevohitra & Rabenantoandro 3829 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — 13 km au N de Manakara , 22°01’41”S, 48°04’10”E, 8.II.2011, fr., Rabevohitra & Rabenantoandro 3848 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Fivondronana Farafangana , commune rurale Mahabo-Mananivo , fokontany Mahabo, forêt de Mahabo, 23°10’36”S, 47°42’26”E, 16 m, 24.IX.2002, fl., Rabevohitra et al. 4089 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Fivondronana Nosy Varika , firaisana et fokontany Ambahy, forêt à l’E du village d’Ambahy, 20°46’47”S, 48°29’05”E, 23.III.2003, fr., Rabevohitra et al. 4709 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   . — Fivondronana Mahanoro , commune rurale Ambodibonara , fokontany Ambalavontaka, forêt de Nakinà [Nankinana] à 5 km d’Ambalavontaka, 20°21’34”S, 48°36’21”E, 13.XI.2003, fl., Rabevohitra et al. 4764 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Fivondronana Nosy Varika , commune rurale Ambahy , fokontany Ambahy, forêt d’Ambahy à 500 m à l’E du fokontany, 20°46’57”S, 48°28’54”E, 17.XI.2003, fr., Rabevohitra et al. 4800 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   . — Farafangana , Mahabo, 23°10’39”S, 47°42’24”E, 14 m, 11.XI.2002, fr., Razakamalala & Ludovic 314 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Région Atsimo-Atsinana , district Farafangana , commune Ankarana , Antakohandra , Réserve Spéciale de Manombo, parcelle II, forêt d’Analazaha, 23°02’21”S, 47°46’11”E, 18 m, 23.IX.2005, Razakamalala et al. 2242 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Pangalane [Ampangalana] Sud, 12.XII.1953, fr., Service Forestier 9899 ( P)   . — Ambalavotaka , Mananjary, 7. I.1955, fr. Service Forestier 15456 ( P)   . — Tsiazondrano , Nosy-Varika, 26.X.1955, fr., Service Forestier 15488 ( P)   . — Nosiala , canton Efatsy, dist. Farafangana, 19.XI.1955, fr., Service Forestier 16204 ( P)   . — Près de Farafangana , 15.X.1964, fr., Service Forestier 23572 ( P)   .

Prov. Toamasina. N of Soanierana-Ivongo, near village of Antanambao-Ambodimanga , 16°45’39”S, 49°42’29”E, 10 m, 19. V.2003, fr., McPherson et al. 18492 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Environs de Maroantsetra , X.1912, fl., Perrier de la Bâthie 2023 ( P ×2). — Fivondronana Soanierana Ivongo , firaisana Manompana , fokontany Antanambaon’Ambodimanga, forêt d’Andakibe, 16°47’01”S, 49°44’23”E, 3 m, 4.X.2003, fl., Rabehevitra et al. 625 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   . — Fivondronana Brickaville , firaisana Ambinaninony , fokontany Andrononkoditra , forêt de Vohibola du côté de l’hôtel Pangalane, 18°35’32”S, 49°14’02”E, 5 m, 11.II.2003, fr., Rabenantoandro et al. 1247 ( MO, P) GoogleMaps   . — District Brickaville , Ambila-Lemaitso forestry station, W of intersection going to Andevoranto and Ambila-Lemaitso village, c. 200 m on trail going W, 18°53’47”S, 49°07’45”E, 0-5 m, 13.X.1999, fl., Randrianasolo et al. 610 ( G, MO, P, USMS) GoogleMaps   . — Analanjirofo region , commune Manompana , fokontany Antanambao-Ambodimanga , Pointe à Larrée , Ampanasanarato, 16°48’07”S, 49°44’32”E, 6-16 m, 22-29.IX.2010, fl., Razanatsoa et al. 517 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . — Ambila-Lemaitso , 14.X.1952, fl., Service Forestier 5865 ( P)   . — Jardin botanique no. 21, village le plus proche Tampolo , canton Ampasina , dist. Fénérive, 3 m, 20.XI.1957, fr., Service Forestier 17806 ( P)   . — Tampolo , au   N de Fénérive , 28- 29.VIII.1957, fl., Service Forestier 18156 ( P ×2). — Environs de la Baie d’Antongil, Antoraka, 14.IX.1957, fl., Service Forestier 18267 ( P ×2). — Aux environs du Varingotra à l’W de Maroantsetra, 5.XI.1963, fl., Service Forestier 22877 ( P ×2). — Ambila-Lemaitso, 14.XII.1967, fr., Service Forestier 28021 ( P)   . — Île Sainte-Marie , partie N de la forêt de Kalalao, à l’E de Maromandia-Tafondro, 16. V.1969, Service Forestier 28824bis ( P)   .

Prov. Toliara. district de Fort-Dauphin, forêt de Mandena, 24°57’S, 47°00’E, 0-10 m, 25.X.1989, fl., Dumetz et al. 780 ( MO, P). — N of Ft. Dauphin , S of Ste. Luce in Marokoky region, block S-1 GoogleMaps   of QIT-FER, 24°54’S, 47°06’E, 15 m, 23.X.1990, Faber-Langendoen et al. 2439 ( MO, P). Anosy region, Fort-Dauphin, Mahatalaky , Sainte Luce , GoogleMaps   Analavinaky Avaratra , 24°46’19”S, 47°08’55”E, 17 m, 20.X.2012, fl., Ramananjanahary et al. 829 ( MO). — Région Anosy , district de Fort-Dauphin, commune Iaboakoho , GoogleMaps   FKT Ambankhazo , 24°40’00”S, 47°12’25”E, 16 m, 22.XI.2011, fr., Randrianaivo et al. 1920 ( G, MO). — Anosy region , Fort Dauphin , Mahatalaky , Tsiaroa Ampasy , Antongotranambo S6 GoogleMaps   , Antongotranambo, 24°48’54”S, 47°08’32”E, 30 m, 22.X.2012, fl., Ratovoson 1992 ( MO). — GoogleMaps   Sainte Luce, QMM Forestry Station , parcel 59, 1- 2 km from QMM Forestry trailhead, 24°46’05”S, 47°10’16”E, 11 m, 23. I GoogleMaps   .2006, Rogers et al. 956 ( G, MO)   .

Unknown locality. Forêts côtières de l’E, fl., Louvel 204 (P).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. — Scolopia erythrocarpa   is confined to littoral and sublittoral forests, on sand; it is widely distributed on Madagascar’s east coast where littoral forests survive ( Fig. 5 View FIG ). Prior literature on this species ( Perrier de la Bâthie 1940, 1946; Sleumer 1972a) wrongly states that it occurs at up to 800 or 900 m and that the types of both S. erythrocarpa   and S. louvelii   came from Analamazaotra. This arises from confusion involving Perrier 5976, originally a syntype of S. erythrocarpa   that was collected at Analamazaotra; this collection is identifiable as S. taimbarina   . Scolopia erythrocarpa   is always found close to sea level.

REMARKS

Scolopia erythrocarpa   is probably closely related to S. orientalis   and S. delphinensis   , sp. nov., likewise species of littoral forests. It is a tree growing to at least 15 m tall, with dbh to 80 cm; the bark is smooth and whitish, the flowers white to greenish, and the fruits red at maturity. It is distinguished by usually small, obovate to oblanceolate leaves with rounded apices and small dense inflorescences with very short pedicels even in fruit. The leaves do not dry greenish as consistently as those of the three other coastal species, and the stamens are 40 or fewer, rather than usually 100 or more as is typical of those species.

ETHNOBOTANY The wood of Scolopia erythrocarpa   is used for construction (Ludovic 710; Ludovic & Bona Kondro 501; Service Forestier 16204, 17806).

VERNACULAR NAMES

Aferonakavy (Service Forestier 17806 [Betsimisaraka dialect]); Aferonkavy à p[etites] f[euilles] (Service Forestier 18156); Fotsirony (Service Forestier 16204 [Taisaka dialect]); Fotsivony (Ludovic 710); Hazofotsy (Rabevohitra et al. 4089, 4800; Ratovoson 1992); Hazomainty (Randrianaivo et al. 1920); Hazomboatronaka (Service Forestier 15456); Menahy (Service Forestier 5865); Menavahatra (Rabevohitra et al. 4764); Voatronakala (Louvel 204; Louvel 213; Rabevohitra et al. 4709; Service Forestier 15488); Votronakala (Koopman et al. 126); Zora (Rabevohitra & Rabenantoandro 3829).

CONSERVATION STATUS

Scolopia erythrocarpa   is known from 20 locations and has an Extent of Occurrence of 46 498 km 2. However, it is restricted to littoral forest, a highly threatened ecosystem of which only fragments remain, with an estimated minimum Area of Occupancy of 120 km 2. The degree of fragmentation suggests that S. erythrocarpa   be assigned a preliminary assessment of Vulnerable (VU B2ab(iii)). The species occurs in the Protected Areas of Mahabo, Mandena, Masoala, and Sainte Luce.

P

Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants

L

Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden University branch

MO

Missouri Botanical Garden

USMS

University of Southern Mississippi

NE

University of New England

S

Department of Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History

I

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University

N

Nanjing University

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

W

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien

G

Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève