Neopleurophora atlantica, Ament & Amorim, 2013

Ament, Danilo Cesar & Amorim, Dalton De Souza, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the genus Neopleurophora Brown (Diptera: Phoridae), with the description of thirty seven new species, Zootaxa 3657 (1), pp. 1-93: 26

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Neopleurophora atlantica

sp. nov.

Neopleurophora atlantica   , sp. nov.

( Figs. 52–55 View FIGURES 52–55 , 170 View FIGURES 160–195 , 207 View FIGURES 196–233 , 274–275 View FIGURES 272–275 )

Diagnosis (males). Epandrial right posterior margin forming triangular projection. Right lobe of hypandrium large, bifurcated at apex.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, BRAZIL: São Paulo: Ribeirão Grande, Parque Estadual Intervales, Barra Grande , 10–13.xii.2000, Malaise trap, M.T. Tavares & team col. ( MZUSP)   . Paratypes: BRAZIL: 1♂, same data as holotype   ; 2♂, Espírito Santo, Santa Teresa , Estação Biológica Santa Lucia, 835 m, 19°58’18.6’’S 40°32’08.8’’W, 9–12.iv.2001, Malaise trap, C.O. Avezedo & team col. ( MZUSP) GoogleMaps  

Description. Male. Body length, 2.5–3 mm. Head. Frons dark brown, pubescent, without median furrow. Flagellomere 1 yellowish-brown, pubescent, oval. Arista pre-apical, pubescent. Palpus yellowish-brown, one lower genal and one upper genal small seta. Thorax. Scutum and pleural sclerites brown; anepisternum setulose dorsally, with one long seta; scutellum brown, with medial and posterior areas light brown. Legs yellowish-brown, median and hind femur light brown. Forefemur with ventral row of strong setae. Foretibia with two dorsal setae at basal third and an anterodorsal row of strong setae. Foremetatarsus ratio, 5.5. Midtibia with two anterodorsal and 3–4 posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 170 View FIGURES 160–195 ). Hind femur swollen (height/length ratio, 0.41). Hind tibia with 2–3 anterodorsal and 5–6 posterodorsal setae ( Fig. 207 View FIGURES 196–233 ). Wing. Costa 0.48 of the wing length, other wing features as for the genus. Halter white. Abdomen. Tergites dark brown, with lighter posterior band. Hypopygium light brown ( Figs. 52–55 View FIGURES 52–55 ). Medial process not bifurcated. Epandrial right posterior margin forming a triangular projection, without subepandrial process. Right lobe of hypandrium large, bifurcated at apex; left lobe small, shifted laterally to the left. Hypoproct with seven setae. Phallus ( Figs. 274–275 View FIGURES 272–275 ). Basiphallus without dorsal process. Core plate membranous. Epiphallus ending free, covered with thin, transparent scales. Ventral plate long, connected to the right arm.

Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Eastern Brazil (States of Espírito Santo and São Paulo)   .

Etymology. The specific epithet atlantica   refers to the distribution of the species in areas of the Atlantic Forest, eastern Brazil.

Comments. Neopleurophora atlantica   is a very distinct species, with a typical hypopygial and phallic morphology, with the shape of the epiphallus, epandrial right posterior margin and left hypandrial lobe being unique in the genus.


Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo