Poecilimon (Poecilimon) zonatus zonatus Bolívar, 1899, zonatus Bolivar, 1899

Sevgili, Hasan, Şirin, Deniz, Heller, Klaus-Gerhard & Lemonnier-Darcemont, Michèle, 2018, Review of the Poecilimon (Poecilimon) zonatus species group and description of new species from Turkey with data on bioacoustics and morphology (Orthoptera: Phaneropterinae), Zootaxa 4417 (1), pp. 1-62: 23-27

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4417.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6F7365BB-B26E-4EB1-8432-9482C4B1DB69

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0395732D-347D-2B6A-30F6-FC42FD5742DC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Poecilimon (Poecilimon) zonatus zonatus Bolívar, 1899
status

 

Poecilimon (Poecilimon) zonatus zonatus Bolívar, 1899  

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Orthoptera   .speciesfile.org:TaxonName:502740

Poecilimon zonatus: Bolívar 1899: 597   ; Jacobson & Bianchi 1905: 313; Kirby 1906: 378; Ramme, 1933: 521; Ramme 1951 [1950]; 332; Bey-Bienko 1954: 292; Karabağ 1964: 46; Çıplak et al. 1996: 249; Ünal 2004: 4; Ünal 2005: 434; Ünal 2010: 140

Poecilimon (Poecilimon) zonatus: Sevgili et al. 2012: 319   ; Mol et al. 2016: 86.

Isophya poltoratskyi   ; Uvarov 1917: 4

Poecilimon djakanovi   ; Çıplak et al. 1996: 249.

Type locality: Turkey, Kahramanmaraş  

Holotype: Male

Previous records: Turkey, Adana: Feke-Saimbeyli , 0 8.07. 1952, 900 m (R. Çetik) ( Karabağ, 1958)   ; Antalya: Kemer, Tahtalı dağ, 10.07.1949, 1900–2000 m (P. H. Davis) ( Karabağ, 1958); Elmalı, Ovacık village   , 27.07.2013, N 36°44'.20'', E 30° 10'.00'', 1996 m, 1♂ (leg. D. Şirin and M. Kılınç) ( Mol et al. 2016); Bitlis: above Kotum, 1830–1980 m, 1♂ (coll. P. H. Davis) ( Ünal 2005)   ; Erzincan: Kemaliye , 22.06.1968, 33♂♂   , 35♀♀ (Demirsoy 1975); Tercan ( Gökdere Village )   , 27.06.2003, 1♂ ( Ünal 2005); - Kemaliye ( Ocak Village )   , 27.07.1988, 1♀, 1450 m (as P. djakonovi   ) (Çıplak et al. 1996, det. B. Çıplak); Kemaliye: Ergü Village (Çatalpınar Mevki), 0 8.07.2005   , 4♂♂, 6♀♀ (H. Sevgili); Ergü Village (Çatalpınar)   , 16.07.2005, 1♂ (Y. Durmuş); Munzurlar (Doymuş), 0 7.07.2007, 4♂♂, 5♀♀, 2150 m, N 39 14'. 35’'', E 39 43'.40'' (coll. H. Sevgili); Munzurlar (Doymuştepe), 0 7.07.2007, 7♂♂, 5♀♀, 2200 m (coll. H. Sevgili);- Kekikpınarı, 10.06.2006, 1♂ (coll. H. Sevgili) (Sevgili et al. 2012b); Erzurum: Cir, ♂♂, ♀♀ (Poltoratski) ( Uvarov, 1917); Kopdağı pass, about 1500–1800 m   , 23.06.1962, 2♀♀ (coll. K. M. Guichard & D. H. Harvey) ( Ünal 2005); Gözeler, Ovacık, 14.08.1984, 1♂ (H. Özbek) ( Ünal 2010); Kahramanmaraş: Marache, 1♂ (lectotype)   , 2♂♂, 9♀♀; Bimboğa, 1♀ (paralectotype); Marach, 1♂, 1♀ (coll. M. Escalera) ( Ünal 2010); Konya: Bozkır, Karacaören, 21.6.1997   , 12♂♂, 4♀♀; 3 km. S. of Elmaağaç , 1200m, 13.06.1997   , 11♂♂, 5♀♀, 2♀♀ nymphs (in alcohol) ( Ünal 2001); Malatya: Doğanşehir, Erkekenk village , 27.05.1990, 1300 m   , 10♂♂, 11♀, Pütürge, Esencik village , 0 2.06.1990, 1600 m   , 7♂♂, 11♀, Kubbe Mountain , 20.06.1990, 1600 m   , 3♂♂, 6♀♀; Arguvan, Cevizlidere district , 25.07.1987   , 4♂♂, 2♀♀, Yeşilyurt, Rafa village , 23.07.1990, 2000 m   , 5♂♂, 4♀♀ (B. Çıplak) (Çıplak et al. 1996); Muğla: Sandras Dağı , 12.07.1938, 2000–2500 m (coll. Dr. O. Schwarz) ( Ramme 1951)   ; Van   : Van prov., Kuskunkıran pass a 4/5p, 10/13p 2 (Grzywacz et al. 2014)   ; Niğde: Ulukışla   , 21.06.1944 (Ankara Ziraat Müc. Enst.) ( Karabağ, 1958); Çiftehan, 23.06.1962, 1000 m, 2♂♂, 1♀ (coll. K. M. Guichard & D. H. Harvey) ( Ünal 2005); Ulukışla, Ovacık village , N 37°37'.57''   , E 34°33'.33'', ~ 1400 m, 3♂♂, 1♀ (coll. M. Holtz) ( Ünal 2010); Tunceli: Ovacık, Karaoğlan, 27.07.1954 (Meşede-on Quercus   sp.) (T. Karabağ) (Karabağ, 1958).  

Examined materials: Turkey, Adana: between Feke and Saimbeyli , 900 m, 0 8.07.1952, 1♂, 1♀ (coll. R. Çetik, ABDA)   ; Adıyaman: Nemrut Mountain , 0 5.06.1999, 3♂♂, 6♀♀ (coll. A. Demirsoy, HUZOM)   ; Antalya: Elmalı, Beydağları, around Uzunkarış hill, N 36°43'   .55'', E 030°08'.42'', 1758m, 18.06.2016, 7♂♂, 2♀♀, (coll. H. Sevgili & D. Şirin); Kemer, Tahdalıdağ, 1900–2000 m, 10.07.1949, 1♂ (coll. P. H. Davis); Bitlis: Tatvan , 27.06.1947, 1♂ (coll?, ABDA)   ; Erzincan: Munzur mountains , 2600 m, 12.08.1971, 3♂♂ (coll. A. Koçak)   ; Kemaliye , 9♂♂, 7♀♀ (coll. A. Demirsoy, HUZOM)   ; Tercan-Aşkale road, N 39°29', E 48.84 '', 1763 m, 11.07.2002, 14♂♂, 8♀♀ (coll. H. Sevgili, HUZOM) GoogleMaps   ; Kemaliye, Munzur Dağları, Doymuş tepe, N 39°14'.79'', E 038°43'.46'', 2079 m, 25.07.2016, 16♂♂, 6♀♀, (coll. H. Sevgili, D. Şirin & A. Mol); Erzurum: Zivin , 21.07.1953 (coll?, as P. variicercis   , determinated by T. Karabağ in 1960, HUZOM)   ; Aşkale, Kop Dağı etekleri, 18.07.1967, 2♂♂ (coll. N. Şişli, HUZOM); Muğla: Sandras Mountain , 1947, 1♂, 1♀ (coll. M. Burr, ABDA)   ; Niğde: Ulukışla , 1941, 3♂♂, 3♀♀ (coll?, ABDA)   ; Kayseri: Develi, Saraycık village, Donduk mevki, N 38°10' 26.83'', E 35°55' 16.22'', 13.06.1962 (coll?), 1♂ ( HUZOM) GoogleMaps   ; Develi, Saraycık village, Annoluk Mevkii , 13.06.1962, 2♂♂, 3♀♀ (coll?, ABDA)   ; Bakırdağ, Kiske village ( Yaylacık ), 1200–1900 m, 28.05.1952, 1♂ (coll. Ö. K. Gülen, ABDA); Konya- Antalya: On road between Sarıveliler-Ermenek, 7 km to Ermenek, N 36°38'   .56'', E 032°41'.11'', 1655 m, 20.06.2016, 20♂♂, 13♀♀ (coll. H. Sevgili & D. Şirin); Konya: Bozkır, Elmaağaç village, Hadim yolu, near Dam lake , at northern slopes, N 37°06'   .41'', E 032°17'.56'', 1370 m, 20.06.2016, 6♂♂, 4♀♀, (coll. H. Sevgili & D. Şirin); Malatya: Arapgir, Karababa, 14.06.1990, 1650 m, 1♀ (coll. B. Çıplak, HUZOM)   ; Arapgir , Eskişehir, 14.06.1990, 1350 m, 1♂, 1♀ (coll. B. Çıplak, HUZOM)   ; Pütürge, Kubbe Mountain , 1600 m, 20.06.1990, 3♀♀ (coll. B. Çıplak, HUZOM)   ; Beydağı, Rafa, 2000 m, 23.07.1990, 3♂♂ (coll. B. Çıplak, HUZOM); Pütürge, 4 km to Esencik village , N 38°05'   .41'', E 038°58'.38'', 1603 m, 24.06.2016, 6♂♂, 9♀♀ (coll. H. Sevgili, D. Şirin & A. Mol); Osmaniye: Sumbas, Gezit Dağı , N 37°43'42.76'', E 36°10'41.81'', 1995 m, 27.07.2017, 2♂♂, 2♀♀ (coll. H. Sevgili, D. Şirin, S. Taylan & A. Mol) GoogleMaps   ; Tunceli: Ovacık, Karaoğlan Forest (on Quercus   sp.), 27.07.1954, 1♂, (coll. T. Karabağ, HUZOM)   ; Ovacık , 25.06.1970, 5♂♂, 16♀♀ (coll. A. Koçak, HUZOM, 4♂♂, 13♀♀ in ABDA, det. A. Koçak & T. Karabağ)   .

Male: Fastigium narrow, nearly half as wide as antennal scape with parallel or slightly convergent sides and dorsally with shallow groove ( Fig. 29G –J View FIGURE 29 ). Pronotum short, posteriorly not narrowed, laterally widened, anterior margin of the pronotum straight, but posterior margin slightly excised, and laterally almost straight prozona, slightly elevated at metazona ( Fig. 21A –G View FIGURE21 ). Tegmina shorter than pronotum, not protruding beyond of first abdominal tergite ( Fig. 21A –G View FIGURE21 ).

Male cerci ( Fig. 23A –H View FIGURE 23 ) proximally massive, gradually tapering towards the apex. Apical part of cerci curved almost in a right angle with longitudinal axis of base. Apex not pointed, ending 4–5 small denticles at bottom edge, 2–3 denticles inner part. Subgenital plate of male wide at base, apically narrowed ( Fig. 10J –N View FIGURE 10 ). Apical margin of subgenital plate of male is variable from slightly sinuate to almost straight.

Stridulatory file: Stridulatory files of males from eight localities are downcurved at apical part and bear 54–74 fine teeth ( Fig. 17A –C View FIGURE 17 ; Table 3). The general morphology of the file is similar to that of P. zonatus datca   ssp. n., P. variicercis   , P. vodnensis   and P. salmani   sp. n. It differs from these species by having a higher number and a different shape of teeth ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 ; Table 3). In P. zonatus   teeth are arranged closer to each other than in other species. Length of the biggest tooth of the file is highly variable with an average of 103 µm.

Bioacoustics: The male calling song consists of faint “click”-like syllables repeated at very variable periods ( Figs. 19, 20, 31 View FIGURE 31 ). Each syllable is a closing hemisyllable, varying between 7–16 ms ( Table 4). Each syllable was composed of 3–10 initial impulses of low amplitude and 5–12 impulses with higher amplitude and mean number of impulses per syllable was about 9.7 ( Fig. 35 View FIGURE 35 ). The peak frequencies of the song had their maximum between 37 and 53 kHz.

Female: Fastigium verticis as in male, but it differs slightly in Malatya population with parallel edges, wider than half of scapus and an indistinct sulcus above ( Fig. 29F, K View FIGURE 29 ). Disk of pronotum laterally widened, frontal margin almost straight, caudal margin slightly concave or straight; pronotum with dorsal margin in profile silightly concave in mesozona ( Fig. 21H –L View FIGURE21 ). Tegmina clearly shorter than half of the pronotal length or sometimes fully concealed, but overlapping dorsally ( Fig. 21H –L View FIGURE21 ). Subgenital plate small and triangular, weakly projected on caudal margin ( Fig. 12E –G View FIGURE 12 ). Ovipositor, gonangulum and lamella as in Figs. 12 View FIGURE 12 , 28A –D View FIGURE 28 .

Coloration: Although the overall body color is darker, the coloration tends to vary geographically most in those color patterns that vary individually most within a population ( Fig. 42–46 View FIGURE 42 View FIGURE 43 View FIGURE 44 View FIGURE 45 View FIGURE 46 ).

Remarks: P. zonatus   can be distinguished from other closely related species P. varicornis   , P. variicercis   and P. varicornis   by the following combination of characters: laterally widened pronotum in both sexes; in general, compared with P. variicercis   male cerci less curved inward at distal part; when compared with P. salmani   , apex of male cerci not blunt in P. zonatus   , P. varicornis   and P. variicercis   ; subgenital plate of male less narrowed than other species at distal part; female cerci slightly thicker at apex ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE27 ). Of these species of the group, P. z. zonatus   shows some similarities to the new species P. salmani   in male calling song. It can be acoustically separated from P. salmani   by having a longer syllable period and less syllables per minute. Additionaly, syllables of P. salmani   contain more impulses, and depending on this, the duration of the syllable is longer. The morphology (pronotum, male and female cerci, male stridulatory file, subgenital plate of both sexes and ovipositor) and some bioacoustics characters of P. z. zonatus   are quite different from both P. tauricola   and P. azizsancar   sp. n..

The abdominal dorsal colour pattern was used as a taxonomic character by Ramme (1933). However, this pattern is very variable between populations and sexes even in the same population. We observed a clear colour pattern differentiation on abdomen between P. salmani   and P. z. datca   (see Fig. 46 View FIGURE 46 , 48 View FIGURE 48 ).

P. z. zonatus   has the widest distribution between the species of the group. It was found together with some tettigoniids; P. (P.) sanctipauli   and Gampsocleis recticauda   from Beydağlar (Antalya), Isophya major   , Parapholidoptera yoruka   , Eupholidoptera   sp., Saga rhodiensis   from Ermenek, Isophya   cf. schneideri, Parapholidoptera   sp. from Gezit Mountain (Osmaniye), I. cf. schneideri, Bradyporus (Callimenus) latipes   from Pütürge (Malatya), I. cf. schneideri, Tettigonia caudata from Munzur Mountains (Erzincan), probably with I. cf. schneideri and Poecilimon syriacus   from Kahramanmaraş.

This species has not been assessed for the IUCN Red List (2017–3). P. zonatus zonatus   has a very wide distribution along the Anatolian Diagonal. This species should be considered with a Least Concern status on the basis of the extent of occurrence criteries of IUCN.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Orthoptera

Family

Tettigoniidae

Genus

Poecilimon

Loc

Poecilimon (Poecilimon) zonatus zonatus Bolívar, 1899

Sevgili, Hasan, Şirin, Deniz, Heller, Klaus-Gerhard & Lemonnier-Darcemont, Michèle 2018
2018
Loc

Poecilimon zonatus: Bolívar 1899: 597

Ramme, 1933 : 521
Karabağ 1964 : 46
Ünal 2004 : 4
Ünal 2005 : 434
Ünal 2010 : 140
Loc

Poecilimon (Poecilimon) zonatus: Sevgili et al. 2012: 319

Mol et al. 2016 : 86
Loc

Isophya poltoratskyi

Uvarov 1917 : 4