Manucodia ater altera Rothschild and Hartert

Lecroy, Mary, 2014, Type Specimens Of Birds In The American Museum Of Natural History Part 12. Passeriformes: Ploceidae, Sturnidae, Buphagidae, Oriolidae, Dicruridae, Callaeidae, Grallinidae, Corcoracidae, Artamidae, Cracticidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, Cnemophilidae, Paradisaeidae, And Corvidae, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2014 (393), pp. 1-165 : 92

publication ID 10.1206/885.1


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Manucodia ater altera Rothschild and Hartert


Manucodia ater altera Rothschild and Hartert

Manucodia ater altera Rothschild and Hartert, 1903a: 84 (Sudest Island, Louisiade Islands).

Now Manucodia ater alter Rothschild and Hartert, 1903 . See Hartert, 1919: 128; Mayr, 1962d: 185; Gilliard, 1969: 95–100; Coates, 1990: 430–431; Cracraft, 1992: 8–9; Frith and Beehler, 1998: 211–217; and Frith and Frith, 2009b: 462–463.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 677282 View Materials , adult male, collected on Sudest Island , 11.30S, 153.40E (PNG General Reference Map, 1984), Louisiade Islands, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea, on 16 April 1898, by Albert S. Meek (no. 1735). From the Rothschild Collection. GoogleMaps

COMMENTS: In the original description, Rothschild and Hartert designated Meek’s specimen no. 1735 as the holotype of altera and divided the specimens they included in the new form into two geographic groups: group A from eastern New Guinea and the eastern Papuan islands and group B from the Aru Islands . However, at that time they saw no differences between the two groups and included in it all the listed specimens in their new altera. Later, they named subalter (see below) and included all the specimens listed for altera except those from Sudest Island (sometimes also referred to as Tagula Island). All the specimens listed here are paratypes of altera ; those listed below in shortened form are also the lectotype and paralectotypes of subalter. Trangan Island , Aru Islands, AMNH 677262 View Materials , 677263 View Materials , males, AMNH 677264 View Materials , female, September 1900, collected by H. Kühn (nos 2456, 2451, 2453, respectively) ; Sungai Wanoembai , Kobror Island, Aru Islands, AMNH 677265 View Materials , female, September 1900, collected by Kühn (no. 2452) ; Dobo , Aru Islands, AMNH 677266 View Materials , 677267 View Materials , two males, 31 November 1897, collected by Kühn (nos. 414, 415), AMNH 677268 View Materials , male, 677269, female, February 1897, collected by W. Doherty, AMNH 677270–677273 View Materials , unsexed, May-June 1896, collected by H. Cayley-Webster ; Wokam Island , Aru Islands, AMNH 677274 View Materials , female, October 1900, collected by Kühn (no. 2455) ; Yule Island , AMNH 677275 View Materials , 677276 View Materials , one male, one female, October 1875 (nos. 670, 671), collected by L.M. D’Albertis ; Mailu District , AMNH 677277 View Materials , sex?, July-August 1895, collected by A.S. Anthony ; Mount Victoria , Owen Stanley Mountains, AMNH 677279 View Materials , unsexed, autumn 1896, collector unknown, ‘‘purchased in London’ ’; Sudest Island , Louisiade Archipelago, AMNH 677284 View Materials , 677285 View Materials , males, 677289–677291, females, April 1898, collected by A.S. Meek (nos. 1761, 1729, 1766, 1736, 1724, respectively). Of these, AMNH 677272 View Materials was exchanged to FMNH in the 1960s .

Manucodia has been considered both masculine and feminine, but the ICZN ruled that the gender is to be masculine (see Melville and Smith, 1987: 123). Most authors have recognized subalter and accept- ed three subspecies in Manucodia ater , but Cracraft considered the species monotypic.


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Manucodia ater altera Rothschild and Hartert

Lecroy, Mary 2014

Manucodia ater alter

Frith, C. B. & D. W. Frith 2009: 462
Frith, C. B. & B. M. Beehler 1998: 211
Cracraft, J. 1992: 8
Coates, B. J. 1990: 430
Gilliard, E. T. 1969: 95
Mayr, E. 1962: 185
Hartert, E. 1919: 128

Manucodia ater altera

Rothschild, W. & E. Hartert 1903: 84
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