Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877

Calder, Dale R., 2013, Some shallow-water hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from the central east coast of Florida, USA, Zootaxa 3648 (1), pp. 1-72: 46-48

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3648.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:22089255-436A-4DBB-BD93-1D3C8CF281FE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5263470

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/039B197E-FFF2-F56B-E6F9-F9B6FE831755

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877
status

 

Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877  

Fig. 14b View FIGURE 14

Aglaophenia late-carinata Allman, 1877: 56   [incorrect original spelling].

Aglaophenia latecarinata   .— Leloup, 1935: 57.— Fraser, 1944: 378.

Type locality. “ Gulf of Mexico ...attached to Gulf Weed ” ( Allman 1877: 56)   .

Voucher material. Off St. Lucie Inlet, 27°10.8’N, 80°02.5’W, 21.6 m, 24.vii.1975, on algae, one colony, cormoids up to 1.4 cm high, without gonophores, coll. T. Askew, ROMIZ B1086 GoogleMaps   .— Fort Pierce , Fort Pierce Inlet State Park, 27°28’29.5”N, 80°17’25.8”W, on stranded Sargassum fluitans   , 14.vii.2012, 28° C, 35‰, collected manually, two colonies, up to 7 mm high, without gonophores, coll. D.R. Calder, ROMIZ B3978 GoogleMaps   .

Remarks. Although often reported from hard bottoms, Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877   is also a conspicuous epibiont of the pelagic gulfweed species Sargassum fluitans ( Calder 1995)   . As such it is ubiquitous in the Caribbean Sea (e.g., Leloup 1935; Van Gemerden-Hoogeveen 1965), Gulf of Mexico (e.g., Fraser 1944; Defenbaugh & Hopkins 1973), Florida Current (e.g., Nutting 1895, as Aglaophenia minuta   ; Bogle 1975), Gulf Stream (e.g., Burkenroad, in Parr 1939, as A. minuta   ; Rackley 1974), and Sargasso Sea (e.g., Broch 1913; Leloup 1937). Colonies on gulfweed are stunted, as with certain other Sargassum   associates ( Adams 1960), and they typically reach only about a centimeter in height on that substrate. While the species tends to be a dominant hydroid on S. fluitans   , it is much less frequent on S. natans   , the other holopelagic species of gulfweed in the North Atlantic ( Calder 1995). Hydroids of A. latecarinata   are known to occur as well on flotsam such as plastics ( Calder 1997).

The troubled nomenclature and extensive synonymy of this species have been reviewed elsewhere ( Bogle 1975; Calder 1997; Ansín Agís et al. 2001). The last group of authors also provided detailed distribution records.

Reported distribution. Atlantic coast of Florida. Hollywood, near Miami ( Leloup 1935; Fraser 1944).

Western Atlantic. New England, on pelagic Sargassum ( Fraser 1944)   , to Brazil (Oliveira et al. submitted), and including Bermuda and the Sargasso Sea ( Jäderholm 1896; Calder 1993), the Gulf of Mexico ( Calder & Cairns 2009), and the Caribbean Sea ( Galea 2010).

Elsewhere. Warm waters of the eastern Atlantic, Indian Ocean, and western Pacific ( Ansín Agís et al. 2001; Park 2012).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Hydrozoa

Order

Leptothecata

Family

Aglaopheniidae

Genus

Aglaophenia

Loc

Aglaophenia latecarinata Allman, 1877

Calder, Dale R. 2013
2013
Loc

Aglaophenia latecarinata

Fraser, C. M. 1944: 378
Leloup, E. 1935: 57
1935
Loc

Aglaophenia late-carinata

Allman, G. J. 1877: 56
1877