Turdinus albipectus minutus van Someren

Mary, Croy, History, Bulletin Of The American Museum Of Natural, At, Central Park West, Street, Th, York, New & Ny, 2005, Type Specimens Of Birds In The American Museum Of Natural History. Part 6. Passeriformes: Prunellidae, Turdidae, Orthonychidae, Timaliidae, Paradoxornithidae, Picathartidae, And Polioptilidae, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2005 (292), pp. 1-132: 68-69

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Turdinus albipectus minutus van Someren


Turdinus albipectus minutus van Someren   Turdinus albipectus minutus van Someren, 1915:  

126 (Mabira Forest, Uganda).

Now Illadopsis rufipennis rufipennis (Sharpe   ,

1872). See Ripley and Beehler, 1985, and Fry

et al., 2000: 12.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 588740 View Materials , adult male [5 female?], collected in the Mabira Forest , ca. 008309N, 328579E ( Polhill, 1988: 199), Uganda, on 2 October 1913, by Victor G.L. van Someren. From the Rothschild Collection.  

COMMENTS: In the original description, the type was said to be in the Rothschild Collection and to bear the above data. The above specimen is the only one collected on 2 October 1913 that came to AMNH. In the original description, van Someren did not say how many specimens he had, but later he ( van Someren, 1932: 341) noted that there were four specimens in addition to the type. Six specimens were cataloged at AMNH as T. a. minutus, all collected in 1913 and 1914 in the Mabira Forest by van Someren. However, one of them has the scaly breast feathers said by van Someren (1922: 245) to separate barakae from minutus, and it is not here considered a paratype of minutus. The holotype and two of the paratypes of minutus agree with Illadopsis rufipennis   in having less white on the belly and a tarsus shorter than that of I. albipectus ( Chapin, 1953: 207)   : AMNH 588744, female, collected 14 October 1913, tarsus 25 mm; AMNH 588745, female, collected 2 May 1914, tarsus 25 mm; tarsal length of the holotype is 23 mm. The other two paratypes agree with I. albipectus barakae: AMNH   588742, male, collected 16 September 1913, tarsus 28.5 mm; AMNH 588743, male, collected 27 September 1913, tarsus 29 mm.

The original sexing of the holotype as a male was questioned by both van Someren (1915: 126) and Chapin (1953: 215). This type was not listed by Hartert in any of his lists of types in the Rothschild Collection, but it bears a Rothschild type label and is marked type in van Someren’s hand on his label.

Turdinus moloneyanus iboensis Hartert   Turdinus moloneyanus iboensis Hartert, 1907b:  

84 (Oguta, in the district inhabited by the Ibo


Now Illadopsis fulvescens iboensis (Hartert   ,

1907). See Ripley and Beehler, 1985, and Fry

et al., 2000: 18.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 588756 View Materials , adult male, collected at Oguta , 058559N, 068489E (R. Dowsett, personal commun.), Nigeria, on 19 November 1901, by William J. Ansorge (no. 400). From the Rothschild Collection.  

COMMENTS: In the original description, Hartert cited Ansorge’s field number of the holotype. Apparently, Hartert had only the single specimen.

A rare typographical error in Fry et al. (2000: 18) credited this description to ‘‘Herbert’’ instead of Hartert.

Turdinus ugandae van Someren  

Turdinus ugandae van Someren, 1915: 125   (Sezibwa River Forest).

Now Illadopsis fulvescens ugandae ( van Someren, 1915)   . See Fry et al., 2000: 18.

LECTOTYPE: AMNH 588647 View Materials , adult male, collected on the Sezibwa River , ca. 008259N, 328519E (R. Dowsett, personal commun.), Uganda, on 16 November 1914, by Victor G.L. van Someren (no. 169). From the Rothschild Collection.  

COMMENTS: In the original description, van Someren designated a male and a female syntype, both of which bear a Rothschild type label. The male specimen was designat­ ed the lectotype by Hartert (1920: 484). The female syntype thus becomes the paralectotype: AMNH 588648, collected in the Mabira Forest, Uganda, on 30 April 1914. This specimen does not have a van Someren label, but the Rothschild Collection label is noted on the reverse in van Someren’s hand: ‘‘/ Mabira, type /, 30–4–14, T. fulvescens   pallidus [crossed out] ugandae’’. There is no collector’s number on this label, nor did van Someren cite a field number for either specimen. However, the Rothschild type label on this paralectotype inexplicably also bears the number ‘‘169’’. Because both bear the Rothschild type label, both are retained in the type collection at AMNH.

Ptyrticus turdinus Hartlaub   Ptyrticus turdinus Hartlaub, 1883: 425 (Tamaja)   . Now Ptyrticus turdinus turdinus Hartlaub, 1883   .

See Fry et al., 2000: 34.

HOLOTYPE: AMNH 588947 View Materials , adult female, collected at Tomaya (5 Tamaja), 048389N, 298509E ( Chapin, 1954: 729), Bahr­el­Ghazal , Sudan, on 3 February 1882, by Emin Pasha (no. 215). From the Rothschild Collection.  

COMMENTS: The original description of both genus and species was based on this single specimen.

Hartert (1920: 483) incorrectly listed the original description as Hartlaub (1887: 315), where Hartlaub reports on the third shipment of birds from Emin Pasha, listing the holotype and figuring it in plate 11, figure 1. Hartlaub (1887: 314) here listed the genus Ptyrticus   as new, but it had already been introduced in his 1883 paper.

[ Turdinus kalulongae Sharpe   ] AMNH 589156, male, collected in February (no year), for Charles Hose, in Sarawak, has been discussed by Dickinson (2000). Sharpe (1893a: 54), in the July 1893 Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, described the species, giving measurements for a single specimen but not saying how many specimens he had. Then in a paper by Sharpe (1893b: 548), published in Ibis   in October, he mentioned that there were two specimens of Turdinus kalulongae   in Hose’s collection. One specimen, referred to as the holotype by Warren and Harrison (1971: 278), is in BMNH, purchased from the dealer Gerrard. The second specimen came to AMNH from Rothschild, who also probably purchased it from Gerrard. It is not known whether Sharpe actually had the second specimen in hand when he described T. kalulongae   .

As reported by Dickinson (2000), the AMNH specimen had not been claimed as a type by Hartert (1920: 482), who had referred to it, in modern terminology, as a paratype. This means that he accepted the specimen in BMNH as the type. I accept Dickinson’s view that by referring to the Rothschild specimen as a paratype, Hartert in effect designated the BMNH specimen the lectotype. However, should there be a question as to this lectotypification, Warren and Harrison’s listing of the BMNH specimen as the holotype satisfies the Code (ICZN, 2000: 83, Art. 74.6) in this regard. AMNH 589156 then becomes the paralectotype. This specimen bore no Rothschild type label and had tentatively been placed with the types by Greenway, who at that time had not thoroughly researched this taxon. It has been removed from the type collection and replaced in the general collection at AMNH. Turdinus kalulongae   is a synonym of Malacopteron magnirostre cinereocapilla (Salvadori, 1868)   . See David and Gosselin (2002a: 38), who explained the retention of the spelling cinereocapilla.














Turdinus albipectus minutus van Someren

Mary, Croy, History, Bulletin Of The American Museum Of Natural, At, Central Park West, Street, Th, York, New & Ny 2005

Illadopsis fulvescens ugandae ( van Someren, 1915 )

Fry, C. H. & S. Keith & E. K. Urban 2000: 18

Turdinus ugandae

van Someren, V. G. L. 1915: 125

Ptyrticus turdinus

Hartlaub, G. 1883: 425