Kentropyx calcarata Spix, 1825,

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Amaral, Silvana, 2016, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae, Zootaxa 4205 (5), pp. 401-430: 415

publication ID

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Kentropyx calcarata Spix, 1825


Kentropyx calcarata Spix, 1825 

Type-locality. Rio Itapicuru , Maranhão, Brazil. 

Pertinent taxonomic references. Spix (1825), Wied (1825), Fitzinger (1826), Wagler (1830), Boulenger (1885), Gray (1931), Duméril & Bibron (1939), Cunha (1961), Hoogmoed (1973), Gallagher & Dixon (1980, 1992), Hoogmoed & Gruber (1983), Gallagher et al. (1986), Nascimento et al. (1988), Cole et al. (1995), Ávila- Pires (1995), Reeder et al. (2002), dos Santos et al. (2007), Werneck et al. (2009), Myers et al. (2011), Ávila-Pires et al. (2012), Harvey et al. (2012).

Distribution and habitat. Kentropyx calcarata  is widespread in eastern Amazonia, extending through gallery forests into the northern part of the Cerrado, with a disjunct distribution in the Atlantic Forest, occurring in Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, and Venezuela ( Fig. 9View FIGURE 9). In Amazonia it is restricted to the west by the Negro and Madeira river basins (both sides) and the upper Orinoco river ( Fig. 9View FIGURE 9). In Brazil specimens were examined from the states of Amapá, Pará, Maranhão, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Piauí (Amazonia/Cerrado regions), Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia (Atlantic Forest). Gallagher & Dixon (1992) mentioned specimens also from Espírito Santo (even though Gallagher et al. 1986 questioned the identity of these southern specimens). Kentropyx calcarata  is semi-arboreal and diurnal, inhabits primary and secondary terra firme and varzea  forests, always associated with sunny places (e.g. clearings, forest edge and creeks), where it is found mainly on the ground, on trunks and limbs of fallen trees, and amid low vegetation (climbing to heights of 3–4 meters—Hoogmoed 1973; Nascimento et al. 1988; Hoogmoed & Ávila-Pires 1989, 1991; Martins 1991; Vitt 1991b; Gallagher & Dixon 1992; Ávila-Pires 1995; Vitt et al. 1995, 1997a, 1999, 2008; Molina et al. 2004; Ribeiro-Júnior et al. 2006, 2008, 2011; Barrio-Amorós & Brewer-Carias 2008; Barrio-Amorós & Duellman 2009; Ávila-Pires et al. 2010). Roberto et al. (2012) reported the species from a mangrove area in Piauí, Brazil.