Horatosphaga raggei,

Baker, Ed, 2017, From an old sound recording to a new species in the genus Horatosphaga (Orthoptera: Tettigonioidea: Phaneropterinae: Acrometopini), Zootaxa 4323 (3), pp. 430-434: 430-433

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Horatosphaga raggei

n. sp.

Horatosphaga raggei  n. sp.

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Orthoptera  .speciesfile.org:TaxonName:499339

Type locality: ANGOLA, 7 mls W Gabela, 16.iii.1972 (co-ordinates Gabela : 10°51′S, 14°22′E)GoogleMaps 

Holotype male NHMUK010211290, paratypes 2 males NHMUK010211288-89View Materials All types bear the labels: (1) ANGOLA (A30), 7 mls W Gabela, 16.iii.1972, (2) Southern African Exp. B. M. 1972- 

1, (3) Orange paper: The stridulation of this * specimen has been recorded. Tape No. 83, Recording No. 2; * or 1 of 2

others, (4) at light, (5) Horatosphaga stuhlmanni  ?, det. D.R Ragge, 1975 (6) NHM #.

Depository. NHM.London

Diagnosis. H. raggei  n. sp. differs from the otherwise similar H. stuhlmanni  in the structure of the stridulatory file, which has far fewer teeth and intervals between teeth becoming increasingly larger from the basal to the distal end ( Fig. 2). In H. stuhlmanni  and the also similar H. leggei (Kirby)  (see Ragge 1960: p. 286) the teeth intervals do not vary strongly ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5). The stridulatory vein is longer than in many related Horatosphaga  species, except for H. stuhlmanni  . Description. Male (see Fig. 3View FIGURE 3, 4View FIGURE 4). As typical ( Ragge 1960: p. 282) for members of the genus, and especially H. stuhlmanni  , except for the stridulatory file. Stridulatory file with ca. 90 teeth ( Fig. 2), basally becoming very small and hard to count, tooth intervals see Fig. 5View FIGURE 5.

Measurements (in mm): Total length 39.8–40.4 (n=2), median length of pronotum 5.0–5.6 (n=3), length of hind femur 24.3–27 (n=2), length of stridulatory vein 3.2–3.4 (n=3).

Female unknown.

Song. Described and figured under H.? stuhlmanni in Hemp et al. 2017  : “In the single recording”..available..“the animal sang continuously for about 40 seconds, increasing very slowly in amplitude. During this time two impulse groups were continuously repeated at a rate of about 7 Hz, however, slightly changing their amplitude modulation”. The song can be downloaded from BioAcoustica at http://bio.acousti.ca/node/10298.

Derivatio nominis. Named after Dr. D. Ragge acknowledging his many valuable studies on the African Tettigonioidea (for a list see Ingrisch & Willemse 2004), especially his great work on Acrometopini  , and his important contributions to Orthopteran bioacoustics, including founding the British Museum (Natural History) Library of Recorded Insect Sounds.

Distribution and similar species. H. raggei  n. sp. is at present known only from the type locality. However, the specimens from Quisoll, the Angolan locality of H. stuhlmanni  ( La Baume 1911; see above), may also belong to H. raggei  n. sp. The centre of the distribution of the genus Horatosphaga  (and the whole tribe Acrometopini  ) is obviously East Africa ( Ragge 1960). Few species are either more widespread, or found only in other parts of Africa. From Angola only three species are known besides H. raggei  n. sp. H. serrifera  is clearly larger (hind femur> 30 mm), H. stylifera (Karny)  differs in the shape of the male subgenital plate (see Ragge 1960) and in H. media Ragge  the Radius sector is dividing near its base and not in the distal half as usually in H. stuhlmanni  and H. raggei  n. sp. (see asterisks in Fig. 4View FIGURE 4).

Interestingly, the locus typicus of H. raggei  n. sp. is also the type locality of Stylogaster angolensis Stuke 2015  ( Diptera  , Conopidae  ), collected on the same expedition.

The identification of a new species from an archived recording demonstrates not only the importance of collections of recorded wildlife sound, but also the benefit of providing researchers with open access to their contents. This is particularly true for the acoustically communicating species of Orthoptera  where song is often the easiest character from which to identify species.


University of Nottingham