Noctiliostrebla falsispina, Alcantara & Graciolli & Nihei, 2019

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S., 2019, Revision of Noctiliostrebla (Diptera: Streblidae), parasites of bulldog bats (Chiroptera: Noctilionidae: Noctilio), Zootaxa 4560 (3), pp. 483-521: 505-507

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4560.3.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:93B6CEE9-82DF-4600-B0A4-F281A6E44DEE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3860444

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987A5-4373-0E01-32DD-FBE0FB5AFF23

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Noctiliostrebla falsispina
status

sp. n.

Noctiliostrebla falsispina   sp. n.

( Figs 10 View FIGURE 10 , 16C View FIGURE 16 )

Noctiliostrebla dubia: Dick & Gettinger (2005   : 1019; part, survey, misidentification); Presley (2007: 409–417; part, hostparasite relationship, misidentification); Presley (2011: 835; tab. 1; part, misidentification); Presley (2012: 5–6; tabs 1–2; part, misidentification).

Noctiliostrebla aitkeni: Graciolli & Carvalho (2001: 929–930; part, catalog, misidentification)   ; Moura et al. (2003: 811–815; part, host-parasite relationship, misidentification); Prevedello et al. (2005: 197, 202, 209; tab. 1; part, survey records, richness matrix, misidentification).

Diagnosis. Noctiliostrebla falsispina   sp. n. is very similar to N. dubia   and can be distinguished from it only by the presence of a thorn-like membranous projection on the dorsal margin of the aedeagus.

Description. Measurements (mm, n=19, 10 ♂♂, 9 ♀♀). HFL: ♂ 0.49 (0.45–0.52), ♀ 0.56 (0.55–0.58); SL: ♂ 0.49 (0.46–0.52), ♀ 0.51 (0.44–0.54); TL: ♂ 0.47 (0.45–0.51), ♀ 0.49 (0.47–0.51); WL: ♂ 0.32 (0.28–0.39), ♀ 0.31 (0.29–0.35); WW: ♂ 0.19 (0.16–0.22), ♀ 0.19 (0.17–0.20).

Thorax. Similar to N. dubia   , except in the following structures: scutellum of female with setae half as long as setae on scutum; mesepimeron with 1–2 setae on each side.

Female abdomen ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 A–C). Similar to N. dubia   , except syntergite I+II ( Fig. 10A View FIGURE 10 ) with 20–36 setae on each plate of lateral lobe.

Male abdomen ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 D–H). Similar to N. dubia   , except in the following structures: syntergite I+II with 32– 44 setae on each plate of lateral lobe. Genitalia ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 F–H) with dorsal margin of aedeagus with a thorn-like membranous projection and without a sclerotized thorn.

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná), Paraguay ( Fig. 16C View FIGURE 16 ).

Type locality. Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Aquidauana, Fazenda Querência   .

Host. Noctilio leporinus   .

Type material. HOLOTYPE ♂: Brazil: “ HOLOTYPE ♂ / Noctiliostrebla falsispina   / Alcantara, Nihei & Graciolli”, “MZSP / Host. N. leporinus Linnaeus   / Brazil, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Aquidauana, Fazenda Querência / 19 o 23’20.9”S, 55 o 33’28”W / 13.iii.2013 / L.F.A.C. Carvalho leg. / ∆ 11 N. dubia   ” on slide ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   . PARATYPES (14 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀): Brazil   : 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, same data as holotype ( ZUFMS) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá , riparian forest, 18.v.1999, Missirian leg., on N. leporinus   ( DZUP)   ; 3 ♂♂, state of Paraná, Londrina , igapó vegetation, 22.xi., Lima leg., on N. leporinus   ( DZUP)   . Paraguay: 1 ♂, Concepción, Estancía Cerrito , 120m, 23°15.64’S, 57°30.32’W, 25.xi.1995, R. D. Owen & M.R. Willig leg., on N. leporinus   ( FMNH) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, same data as previous except 23°13.35’S, 57°31.61’W, 29.xi.1995, ( FMNH) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Presidente Hayes, Estancía La Victoria , 120m, 23°39.03’S, 58°34.79’W, 27.vii.1995, R. D. Owen & M.R. Willig leg., on N. leporinus   ( FMNH) GoogleMaps   .

Etymology. The specific epithet is formed of the Latin words “ falsus ” and “ spina ”, meaning false thorn, in references to the thorn-like membranous projection on the dorsal margin of the aedeagus.

Remarks. We identified specimens of N. falsispina   sp. n., along with specimens of N. lamasi   sp. n., in the material misidentified as N. dubia   and N. aitkeni   by Graciolli & Carvalho (2001), Prevedello et al. (2005), Dick & Gettinger (2005) and Presley (2007, 2011, 2012). These specimens were included in the type series.

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Streblidae

Genus

Noctiliostrebla

Loc

Noctiliostrebla falsispina

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S. 2019
2019
Loc

Noctiliostrebla dubia

: Dick & Gettinger 2005
2005
Loc

Noctiliostrebla aitkeni

: Graciolli & Carvalho 2001
2001