Allograpta pulchra Shannon, 1927,

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia, 2021, Updating the knowledge of the flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Chile: Illustrated catalog, extinction risk and biological notes, Zootaxa 4959 (1), pp. 1-178: 114-115

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4959.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BAB6920-30AC-410A-995B-BBDA9E2A105D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705564

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD4340-FFCB-182A-FF27-0DB8FA8FFEB0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Allograpta pulchra Shannon, 1927
status

 

Allograpta pulchra Shannon, 1927 

Fig. 167View FIGURES 165–167

Allograpta pulchra bifasciata Enderlein, 1938: 221  *

Allograpta pulchra nigribucca Enderlein, 1938: 222  *

Allograpta pulchra shannoni Enderlein, 1938: 222  *

Type locality and data. “ Anglo , Chile ” (HT, ♂, USNM)  .

Material examined. Atacama: 1♂, Paipote , 15-18.X.1969, Leg. L.E. Peña ( MEUC)  ; Coquimbo: 11♂, 5♀, El Pangue, 2. XI.1961, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 1♀, Puerto Oscuro , 23.X.1961, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 13♂, San Pedro de Quile, 8 km North , 16.XI.1961, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 2♂, 3♀, El Naranjo, Tilama , X.1968, Leg. J. Molina ( MEUC)  ; 19♂, 16♀, Ovalle , 1.VIII.1960, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 4♂, 2♀, Estero Canela , 24.X.1961, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; Valparaíso: 1♂, Algarrobo , 9.II.1985, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Quillota , La Palma, 5.II.1970, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Guardia Vieja , 15.I.1973, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, Caleu, TilTil , 10.X.1993, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♂, La Dormida, 29.I.1982, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; Metropolitana   : 1♀, Cuesta Barriga , 15.XI.1960, Leg. Boyes ( CNC)  ; 1♂, 1♀, Curacaví , 15.XI.1970, Leg. J.W. Boyes ( CNC)  ; 4♂, 1♀, Cerro San Cristóbal , 15.XI.1970, Leg. J. W. Boyes ( CNC)  ; 7♀, El Canelo , I.1953, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 2♀, Puente Río Colorado, 13.XI.1970, Leg. Boyes ( CNC)  ; 1♂, Calera de Tango , 21.IV.1962, Leg. Ignaco Osses ( MNHNCL)  ; O’Higgins: 1♀, La Cruz, no date, Leg. NN ( SAG)  ; Maule: 1♂, Bullileo, Linares , 15.XII.1960, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 1♀, Estero La Jaula , I.1964, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 1♂, 5♀, El Coigo, Curicó , 1.II.1960, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 1♂, 3♀, Villa Alegre, Linares , 5.XII.1960, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 3♀, Tregualemu , 12.XII.1953, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; Ñuble   : 1♀, Puente Comadres, Chillán , 20.I.1993, Leg. S. Roitman ( MNHNCL)  ; Biobío: 2♀, Caramavida , 10.II.1953, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; 2♀, Pillim Pilli , Arauco, 18.I.1954, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; La   Araucanía: 1♂, 2♀, El Manzano, 30km W of Angol , 8–9.XII.1972, Leg. L.E. Peña ( MEUC)  ; 1♂, Parque Nacional Contulmo , 23.I.1996, Leg. M. Cerda ( MNHNCL)  ; 1♀, Termas de Tolhuaca , 15.I.1959, Leg. L. Peña ( CNC)  ; Los Ríos: 2♀, Santo Domingo , 29.I.1978, Leg. E. Krahmer ( UACH)  ; 1♂, 3♀, Valdivia , 17.I.1982, Leg. E. Kramer ( UACH)  ; 2♀, Chan Chan , 27.I.1980, Leg. E. Krahmer ( UACH)  ; 1♀, Paillaco , 12.XI.1970, Leg. J. W. Boyes ( CNC)  ; Los Lagos: 2♂, 2♀, Caulín , Chacao, Chiloé ( Smith-Ramírez et al. 2005; CSD)  .

References. Shannon, 1927: 25 (desc.); Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 133, figs 24b, 24b’ & 25b (desc.); Curran, 1936: 12 (key); Enderlein, 1938: 221 (desc.); Fluke, 1942: 15, fig. 51 (desc. & key); Stuardo, 1946: 123 (cat.); Fluke, 1956: 210 (cat.); Etcheverry, 1963: 13 (cat.); Rojas, 1966: 175 (cat. of predators of aphids); Boyes et al., 1973: 371 (karyotypes); Thompson et al., 1976: 37 (cat.); Zúñiga et al., 1986: 480 (predators of aphids); González & Coscarón, 2005: 347 (distr.); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2005: 412 (pollinator study); Mengual et al., 2009: 15 (distr.); López et al., 2012: 14 (key); Smith-Ramírez et al., 2014: 6 (ecological study, supplementary material).

World distribution. Argentina and Chile.

Chilean distribution. From Atacama to Los Lagos region ( Fig. 170View FIGURE 170).

Altitudinal range. From coastal to highland ecosystems (5– 3,000 m.a.s.l.).

Biology and notes. Allograpta pulchra  is a hemysinanthropic species that could be used as biological control and has been recorded in several ecosystems. It has been mentioned as a predator of Myzocallis coryli (Goeze)  in hazelnuts ( Aguilera & Pacheco 1995) and other aphid species ( Rojas 1966). Smith-Ramírez et al. (2005) have recorded this species on Amomyrtus meli  , G. avellana  , Luma apiculata  , Myrceugenia ovata var. ovata  , Myrceugenia parvifolia (DC.) Kausel  and T. stipularis  . This flower fly species has also been observed visiting flowers of B. rapa  (Gabriela Germain, CSP record); Colletia hystrix  (Orlando Montes, CSP record); L. maritima  (Gabriela Germain, CSP record); Orizoë sp. (Daniel Llavaneras, CSP record) and Q. saponaria  (César Martínez, CSP record).

Conservation status. LC; EOO = 230,768 km 2, AOO = 144 km 2, 31 subpopulations and 32 localities.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

MEUC

Universidad de Chile

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

SAG

Sammlung von Algenkulturen at Universitat Gottingen

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Allograpta

Loc

Allograpta pulchra Shannon, 1927

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia 2021
2021
Loc

Allograpta pulchra bifasciata

Enderlein, G. 1938: 221
1938
Loc

Allograpta pulchra nigribucca

Enderlein, G. 1938: 222
1938
Loc

Allograpta pulchra shannoni

Enderlein, G. 1938: 222
1938