Copestylum (Phalacromya) scutellata ( Macquart, 1842 ),

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia, 2021, Updating the knowledge of the flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Chile: Illustrated catalog, extinction risk and biological notes, Zootaxa 4959 (1), pp. 1-178: 93-95

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4959.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BAB6920-30AC-410A-995B-BBDA9E2A105D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705733

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FD4340-FFE6-1806-FF27-0EC8FA8FFD50

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scientific name

Copestylum (Phalacromya) scutellata ( Macquart, 1842 )
status

 

Copestylum (Phalacromya) scutellata ( Macquart, 1842) 

Figs 137–139View FIGURES 134–139

Volucella scutellata Macquart, 1842: 85 

Temnocera andicola Bigot, 1884: 548 

Temnocera scutellata Lynch Arribálzaga, 1892: 189  *

Type locality and data. “ Chile ” (T, ♂, MNHNP)  .

Material examined. Arica y Parinacota: Putre, 25.II.1948 ( Etcheverry 1952); 1♂, Zapahuira, 26.III.2018, Leg. R. Barahona-Segovia ( PCRBS); Tarapacá: Poroma, 1.III.1948 ( Etcheverry 1952); Miñita, 16.III.1948 ( Etcheverry 1952); Mamiña, 16.VII.1951 ( Etcheverry 1952); Chaquiña, 23.VII.1951 ( Etcheverry 1952); Parca, 30.VII.1951 ( Etcheverry 1952); Atacama: 1♂, Quebrada del Buitre,Tierra Amarilla, 2.X.2006, Leg. J. Unda ( UFRO); 1♀, Cerro El Purgatorio, 6.XII.1982, Leg.Arriagada ( MNHNCL); Coquimbo: 1♀, Pisco Elqui, 17.X.2004, Leg.M.Beeche ( SAG); 1♂, 1♀, Vicuña, II.1939, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); 2♂, 1♀, El Cepo, I.1998, Leg. A. Ugarte ( MEUC); 1♂, El Pangue, Vicuña, 24.VIII.1956, Leg. Wagenknecht ( MZUC); 1♀, El Pangue, las trancas, 15.II.1953 Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Nogales, I.2003, J. Gómez ( SAG); Hacienda El Mauro, Caimanes ( Fraga 1937); 1♀, Illapel, 09.IV.1971, Leg. P. Ramírez F. ( MZUC); 1♂, La Serena, 04.I.1957, Leg. Somoza ( MZUC); 1♀, Tranque Recoleta, 29.X.1975, Leg. O. León ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Illapel, no data, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Los Mantos, Ovalle, 31.III.1070, Leg. L. Alfaro ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Ovalle, 1.III.1971. Leg. L. Alfaro ( MNHNCL); 1♂, 2♀, Divisadero, Punitaqui, 5–18.I.1968, Leg. L.W. Alfaro ( MEUC); 1♂, Los Molles, 21.XI.1965, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Los Vilos, 16.II.1970, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); Valparaíso: 1♀, Cabildo, 14.VIII.1954, Leg. E. Breit ( MZUC); 1♂, 2♀, Quillota, 26.XII.1975, Leg. G. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 2♀, Horcones, 2.II.69, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♂, 1♀, Colliguay, 5.VIII.1980, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Leyda, 1.II.1942, Leg. L.E. Peña ( INIA); 1♀, C. Horcón 31.I.1978, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 2♂, Quilpué 20.XII.1961, Leg. Solervicens ( MNHNCL); 1♀, La Dormida, 29.I.1982, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Peñablanca, 28.I.1982, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Peñuelas, 15.I.1975, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); Metropolitana: 1♀, TilTil, 27.II.2008, Leg. M. Beeche ( SAG); 2♀, Pudahuel, 26.X.1949, Leg. L.E. Peña ( INIA); 1♂, El Pangue, 2.XI.1980, Leg. L. Peña ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Maipú, XI.1942, Leg. L.E. Peña ( INIA); 1♂, Quinta Normal, 10.I.1951, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); 1♂, Piedra Blanca, 12.X.1965, Leg. Solervicens ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Cerro La Provincia, 15.X.1984, Leg. Arrigada ( MNHNCL); 2♂, 2♀, Cerro San Cristóbal, 30.III.1953, Leg. E.O.B. ( MZUC); 1♂, 1♀, Agua del Chancho, 27.VIII.1980, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Quebrada Seca, Las Condes, 5.VIII.1980, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 2♂, 2♀, Centro de Esqui, Farellones, 02.II.2015, Leg. R. Barahona-Segovia ( PCRBS); 3♀, Peñalolen, 8.XII.1952, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); 1♂, 3♀, Quebrada de Macul, 1.IV.1953, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); 1♂, 1♀, La Castrina, 30.X.1969, Leg. L. Alfaro ( MNHNCL); 1♀, La Obra, XI.1951, Leg. NN ( MZUC); 2♀, El Manzano, 12.IV.1981, Leg. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♂, 1♀, Camino al Alfalfal, 23.II.1967, Leg. V. Pérez ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Las Vertientes, 20.X.1998, Leg. R. Trincado ( INIA); 1♀, El Alfalfal, III.1967. Leg. NN ( MEUC); 1♂, 1♀, Rio Colorado, 8.IX.1980, Leg. P. Cerda ( MNHNCL); 1♀, Laguna Aculeo, 20.II.2002, Leg. J. Mondaca ( SAG); O’Higgins: 1♂, Las Cabras, 15.I.1958, Leg. NN ( MZUC); 2♂, 2♀, Termas de Cauquenes, Rancagua, 22.III.1969, Leg. R. Cortes ( MEUC); Maule: 1♀, Pencahue, 26.X.1968, Leg. J. Moroni ( MNHNCL); Ñuble: (sex undetermined) Cordillera de Chillán, no data, Leg. NN ( MNHNCL); La Araucanía: Traiguén ( Porter 1923).

References. Macquart, 1842: 85 (desc.); Blanchard, 1852: 405 (desc.); Blanchard, 1852, plate 4, fig. 6 (ill.); Philippi, 1865: 139 (desc.); Schiner, 1868: 359 (desc.); Williston 1886: 317 (cat.); Reed 1888: 297 (cat.); Lynch Arribálzaga, 1892: 189 (cat.); Hine, 1914: 344 (desc.); Porter, 1918: 181 (cat.); Porter, 1920: 158 (cat.); Porter, 1921: 447 (cat., dist. & notes); Porter, 1923: 117 (cat.); Porter, 1924: 98 (cat.); Curran, 1926a: 59 (desc.); Curran,

1930c: 9 (key); Porter, 1933: 182 (checklist); Shannon & Aubertin, 1933: 169 (desc. & notes); Curran, 1934: 382 (key); Fraga, 1937: 198 (natural history); Porter, 1938: 155 (cat.); Gutiérrez, 1939: 35 (cat.); Sack, 1941: 106 (cat.); Stuardo, 1946: 129 (cat.); Etcheverry, 1951: 356 (cat.); Fluke, 1951b: 5, figs 18, 21, 36 & 47 (key); Etcheverry, 1952: 309 (cat.); Bastidas, 1956: 4 (natural history); Fluke, 1957: 85 (cat.); Etcheverry, 1963: 106 (cat.), Etcheverry, 1970: 96 (cat.); Thompson, 1972b: 109 ( Milesiinae  rev.); Thompson et al., 1976: 83 (cat.); Arroyo et al., 1982: 93 (pollinator study).

World distribution. Argentina, Brazil, Peru and Chile.

Chilean distribution. From Arica y Parinacota to La Araucanía region ( Fig. 147View FIGURE 147).

Altitudinal range. From coastal to highlands ecosystems (10– 4,200 m.a.s.l.).

Biology and notes. Copestylum scutellatum  is a species that has a wide distribution in the Neotropical region. In Chile, the species is found from highlands in the Puna province to Mediterranean sclerophyllous forests. Porter (1921) associated this species with the flowers of Aristolochia chilensis  . thanks to some specimens collected by professor Stuardo in La Serena. Bastidas (1956) associates females of this species with the cactus of the genus Opuntia  , where it deposits their eggs in groups of two or three in the thorns of high parts of the plant. It has also been observed visiting native flowers of H. stenophyllum  (Toty Leiva, CSP record); Porlieria chilensis (I.M. Johnst.)  (Javiera Chinga and Tomás Paulo, CSP records); Talguenea quinquinervia (Gill et Cook) Johnst  (Ariadna Veas, CSP record); Trevoa quinquenervia  (Daniel Llavaneras, CSP record); B. globosa  (Fernando González, CSP record); Encelia canescens Lam.  (Rodrigo Barahona-Segovia pers. obs.); Baccharis  sp. (Apatama Ph, CSP record); Acacia caven (Molina) Molina  (César Martínez, CSP record); Q. saponaria  (César Martínez, CSP record); Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz emend. Burkart  , and Frankenia chilensis K. Presl.  (Rodrigo Barahona-Segovia, pers. obs.). It has also been observed visiting exotic plants such as R. sativus  (R. Barahona-Segovia, pers. obs.); Prunus domestica  L. (Orlando Montes, CSP record) and E. pectinatus  (Claudia Contreras, CSP record).

Conservation status. LC; EOO = 240,950 km 2, AOO = 244 km 2, 45 subpopulations and 53 localities.

MNHNP

Museo Nacional de Historia Natural del Paraguay

SAG

Sammlung von Algenkulturen at Universitat Gottingen

MEUC

Universidad de Chile

MZUC

Museo de Zoologia, Universidad de Concepcion

INIA

El Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Genus

Copestylum

Loc

Copestylum (Phalacromya) scutellata ( Macquart, 1842 )

Barahona-Segovia, Rodrigo M., Riera, Pamela, Pañinao-Monsálvez, Laura, Guzmán, Vicente Valdés & Henríquez-Piskulich, Patricia 2021
2021
Loc

Temnocera andicola

Bigot, J. M. F. 1884: 548
1884
Loc

Volucella scutellata

Macquart, J. 1842: 85
1842