Syntomini

Singh, Navneet, Joshi, Rahul, Kirti, Jagbir Singh, Bisht, Santosh Singh & Param, Harsimranjeet Singh, 2021, A catalogue of Indian Arctiinae (Erebidae, Lepidoptera), Zootaxa 5058 (1), pp. 1-118: 13

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5058.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7477B46C-8D54-450F-B9C1-03ED3130579D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/160487FB-FFC6-5708-A8E0-1F62C138F87A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Syntomini
status

 

Syntomini  

Diagnostic characters: The Syntomini   often mimic Hymenoptera   with much smaller hindwings and reduction of wing veins through loss of M1, M2, one anal vein and sometimes one branch of CuA. Abdomen is ringed with yellow or white. The male retinaculum is often lost and the frenulum is often reduced. The larvae are distinguished by homoideous crochets in most groups ( Holloway et al. 2001). In addition, the tymbal organs are reportedly lost or reduced in Syntomini   .

Diversity and distribution: In India, Syntomini   are represented by 70 species and two subspecies in eight genera. Out of the eight genera, three contain single species, four are known by two to 20 species and only Amata   is a species rich genus with 40 species from India ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 ). Syntomini   is most diverse in North-East followed by Central Himalaya. No Syntomini   are recorded from Indian Desert ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 ).

Food plant: Many feed on algae, lichens, fungi and detritus. Others are flower- feeders ( Amata   ) and a few of these are crop pests.