Pristiphora leucopodia (Hartig, 1837),

Prous, Marko, Kramp, Katja & Liston 1, Veli VikbergAndrew, 2017, North-Western Palaearctic species of Pristiphora (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae), Journal of Hymenoptera Research 59, pp. 1-190: 47

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Pristiphora leucopodia (Hartig, 1837)


Pristiphora leucopodia (Hartig, 1837)  Figs 56, 181-182, 281

Nematus leucopodius  Hartig, 1837: 200. Lectotype ♀ (GBIF-GISHym3336; here designated) in ZSM, examined. Type locality: Harz, Germany.

Nematus nitens  Borries, 1896: 232. Primary homonym of Nematus nitens  Thomson, 1888 [= Euura respondens  ( Förster, 1854b) comb. n.]. Syntypes ♀♂ have not been located in ZMUC ( Blank et al. 2009). Type locality: Dyrehaven, Region Hovedstaden (Capital Region), Denmark. Synonymised with P. leucopodia  by Blank et al. (2009).

Pachynematus sagulatus  Konow, 1903: 382 (key). Lectotype ♀(GBIF-GISHym3903; designated by Oehlke and Wudowenz 1984, as “Holotypus”) in SDEI, examined. Type locality: Hungaria bor. Tatra [Tatra Mountains], Poland or Slovakia.

Lygaeonematus leucopodius ab. flavipes  Lindqvist, 1941: 70. Not available. Infrasubspecific name.

Nematus (Pikonema) piceae  Zhelochovtsev in Zhelochovtsev and Zinovjev, 1988: 170, syn. n. Holotype ♀ in ZMUM, not examined. Type locality: Srednyaya Usva [ Средняя Усьва], Perm Krai, Russia.

Pristiphora (Pristiphora) hoverlaensis  Haris, 2001: 82, syn. n. Holotype ♂ (DEI-GISHym80339; in HNHM, examined. Type locality: Bohdan ( Богдан), Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine.

Similar species.

The most similar species is P. nigriceps  , females of which have an extensively pale thorax and abdomen. In P. leucopodia  , thorax and abdomen are usually black, palest specimens have a nearly completely pale abdomen and slightly pale thorax. Males are best recognised by examining penis valves. Although we did not study the holotype of piceae  Zhelochovtsev, differences mentioned by Zhelochovtsev and Zinovjev (1988) in lancet, coloration and length of antennae seem to be minute. Examination of female specimens that vary in coloration and length of valvula 3 did not allow separation of two forms, as the variation seems to be continuous. Neither were reliable differences detected in the lancet. The penis valve of one male identified by Alexey Zinovjev as piceae  is indistinguishable from leucopodia  .

Genetic data.

Based on COI barcode sequences, P. leucopodia  belongs to its own BIN cluster (BOLD:AAH7553) (Fig. 3). Maximum distance within the BIN is 1.83%. The nearest neighbour to BOLD:AAH7553, diverging by minimum of 5.06%, is BOLD:AAQ3707 ( P. laricis  ). Based on nuclear data, maximum within species divergence is 0.9% (based on three specimens and NaK) and the nearest neighbour is 2.4% different ( P. nigriceps  , both genes combined).

Host plants.

Picea abies  (L.) Karsten ( Pschorn-Walcher and Altenhofer 2000), P. pungens  Engelm. ( Kula et al. 2016).

Distribution and material examined.

West Palaearctic. Specimens studied are from Estonia, Finland, Germany, Norway, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, and Ukraine.














Pristiphora leucopodia (Hartig, 1837)

Prous, Marko, Kramp, Katja & Liston 1, Veli VikbergAndrew 2017

Lygaeonematus leucopodius ab. flavipes

Konow 1890

Euura respondens

Newman 1837