Diphya simoni Kauri, 1950

Omelko, Mikhail M., Marusik, Yuri M. & Lyle, Robin, 2020, A survey of Diphya Nicolet, 1849 (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) from South Africa, Zootaxa 4899 (1), pp. 259-279: 266-269

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Diphya simoni Kauri, 1950


Diphya simoni Kauri, 1950  

Figures 1 View FIGURE 1 D–F, 2D-E, 3C, E–F, 4A–B, F, H–I, 5A–B, E, G–I, 6D, 7C, H, 8C, 9A–B, D–E, 10F–K, 11A, 12A–P, 13D, K–L

Diphya simoni Kauri, 1950: 8   , fig. 6 (♀ holotype from SOUTH AFRICA: Mpumalanga: Kruger National Park, Pretoriuskop Camp, 4.XI.1948, Lund Museum, with dissected and lost epigyne—examined); Marusik, 2017: 127, figs 7–9, 19.

Diphya capensis Simon, 1894: 744   (nomen nudum); Bonnet, 1956: 1477 (marked as nomen nudum).

Diphya tanikawai Marusik, 2017: 135   , figs 1–6, 13–18 (♀ holotype and paratype from SOUTH AFRICA: Western Cape: Cape Town, Table Mt., Platteklip Gorge, 33.9608°S, 18.408307°E, leg. Y.M. Marusik, 29.I.2017, NCA—examined) syn. nov.

Diagnosis. Both sexes of this species differ clearly from other South African species by having a distinct pattern on the carapace, which is lacking in the other species, or presenting only as a light median band. The male palp of this species is most similar to that in D. foordi   sp. nov. and differs by the the straight anterior margin of the conductor (vs. roundly bent), the shorter cymbial process (1/5 of cymbial length vs. 1/2), and the relatively shorter embolic loop, ca. 1/2 of cymbial length vs. almost as long as cymbium. Females of D. simoni   differ clearly from the other species by the shape of the septum, and the septum extended over the plate of the epigyne ( Figs 12M View FIGURE 12 , O–P, 13L).

Description. Male (NCA 2008/3048). TL 2.46. CL 1.41, CW 1.06. Carapace dark brown, with yellow median band. Shape and color of median band differing between males: wide, yellow, narrow at middle part ( Fig. 1E View FIGURE 1 ), divided in 2 large, yellow spots ( Fig. 1D View FIGURE 1 ), or in one male, these spots poorly visible ( Fig. 1F View FIGURE 1 ). Clypeus yellowish, twice higher than AME diameter. Chelicerae and mouthparts dark brown. Chelicerae with 3 promarginal and 3 retromarginal teeth. Retromarginal teeth significantly smaller than promarginal ones. Sternum yellowish, with 3 pairs of black spots at edges and black longitudinal band. Femora of all legs light brown; III–IV with poorly visible or distinct rings. Patellae light brown; III–IV lighter than Pa I-II with poorly visible gray spots at lateral sides. Tibiae light brown; III–IV with gray rings. Metatarsi and tarsi I–II light-brown; III–IV lighter than I–II. Abdomen dorsally dark-brown, surrounded by white guanine line and with poorly visible pair of black spots at frontal part. Lateral sides dark gray, with thin longitudinal yellow stripes. Ventrally dark gray, surrounded by yellowish spots.

Palp and leg segment lengths

Palp as in Figs 7C, H View FIGURE 7 , 8C View FIGURE 8 , A–B, D–E; femur as long as cymbium; cymbial process short, 3 times shorter than cymbium, length:width ratio 2; conductor straight, gradually tapering; embolus long, almost as long as cymbial length.

Female (NCA 2011/2888). TL 3.65, CL 1.64, CW 1.24. Carapace yellowish, with dark-brown edges and with Y or X markings. Clypeus yellowish, somewhat lower than AME diameter. Ocular area yellow. Chelicerae and mouthparts light brown. Chelicerae with 3 promarginal and 3 or 4 retromarginal teeth. Retromarginal teeth significantly smaller than promarginal ones. Sternum brown, with dark edges and longitudinal stripe. Legs as in male, but spots and rings more distinct. Abdomen dorsally light brown, with number of guanine spots and couple of large black spots in frontal part. Lateral sides dark gray, with yellow spots and stripes. Ventrally as in males, but lighter.

Palp and leg segment lengths

Mt I–II and distal parts Ti I–II with row of prolateral spines.

Epigyne as in Figs 11A View FIGURE 11 , 12 View FIGURE 12 A–P, 13D, K–L; shape of epigyne and its appearance variable, especially septal stem and base ( Figs 12 View FIGURE 12 A–L); septum about 1.33 times wider than long, stem short, shorter than septal base, with subparallel lateral margins or diverging posteriorly (stem triangular), stem with distinct lateral pockets (Lp); whole septal base extending across epigynal plane, central part of base with extended lateral parts ( Figs 12M,P View FIGURE 12 , 13L View FIGURE 13 ), central part (= septum base, Sb) well distinct in ventral view in some specimens ( Figs 12A,L View FIGURE 12 ) or almost indistinct ( Figs 12C View FIGURE 12 , E–F). Receptacles pear-shaped, with globular heads and thinner posterior part, globular parts slightly spaced.

Other material examined. SOUTH AFRICA: Eastern Cape: Cape St. Francis, 34°11.4’S, 24°49.2’E, leg. J. Leroy, 8.IV.2007 (plants), 1♀ ( NCA 2010 /121); GoogleMaps   Hogsback, Amatola Mountains, 32°35.4’S, 26°55.2’E, leg. UFS Entomology students, 25.III.2007 (foliage, beating), 1♁ 4♀ ( NCA 2007 /1240); GoogleMaps   Same locality and collectors, 4.IV.2006 (pine plantation, sweepnet), 1♀ ( NCA 2010 /2666); GoogleMaps   Jeffrey’s Bay , 34°03.6’S, 24°54.6’E, leg. L. Wiese, 17.VI.2006 (orb-webs), 2♀ ( NCA 2010 /3143); GoogleMaps   Port Elizabeth , Klein River Gorge Wilderness, 33°57.0’S, 25°36.6’E, leg. J. Neethling & C. Luwes, 7.XII.2011 (bushveld, litter sifting), 1♁ ( NCA 2013 /1080) GoogleMaps   . KwaZulu-Natal: Midlands, Baynesfield , 29°40.620’S, 29°55.32’E, leg. I. Yekwayo, 1.I.2014 (grassland, pit trap), 1♁ ( NCA 2015 /1559), 1♀ ( NCA 2015 /1558); GoogleMaps   Midlands , Good Hope Plantation , Boston , 29°39.046’S, 29°58.565’E, leg. I. Yekwayo, 1.I.2014 (grassland, pit trap), 1♁ ( NCA 2015 /1547), 1♀ ( NCA 2015 /1560) GoogleMaps   . Mpumalanga: Mariepskop, Vacuum , 24°34.8’S, 30°52.2’E, L. Taylor, 1.II.2014 (grassland, mountain), 1♁ 1♀ ( NCA 2015 /4967) GoogleMaps   . North West: Zeerust , 25°31.8’S, 26°04.8’E, leg. N. Hahn, 2.IV.2010 (ground habitat, rocky outcrop, active search below knee), 1♀ ( NCA 2011 /2888) GoogleMaps   . Western Cape: Hermanus, 34°24’S, 19°15’E, leg. V.L. Hamilton-Attwell, 6.XII.2006 (litter sifting), 1♁ ( NCA 2008 /3048); GoogleMaps   Table Mountain National Park, Constantia Nek , 34°00.6’S, 18°24.6’E, leg. C. Uys, 7.XI.2008 (litter sifting), 1♀ ( NCA 2010 /2531); GoogleMaps   Same locality, Cecilia Rooikat , Pinus 33°59.4’S, 18°25.2’E, leg. C. Uys, 23.V.2008, 1♀ ( NCA 2010 /3128) GoogleMaps   .

Comments. The epigyne of the holotype female of D. simoni   was not found; maybe it remained on the preparation slide. Study of the numerous specimens with a differently developed septum, and females collected with males, lead us to conclusion that the two species names should be synonymized, although their type localities are far away from each other. All specimens that we consider as D. simoni   have a well-developed pattern on the carapace, and females have distinct hoods (pockets) on the septal stem.

Distribution. This species has the widest range among African Diphya   and is known across the whole of South Africa, from the Western Cape Province to Mpumalanga Province (type locality) ( Fig. 14 View FIGURE 14 ). The type locality of D. simoni   is located far away from other localities but is very close to those of D. leroyorum   sp. nov. (known from the holotype male only). This can be caused either by mislabeling, or because we wrongly synonymized D. tanikawai   . Types of both species and all studied specimens have a distinct carapace pattern, which is absent in D. leroyorum   sp. nov.














Diphya simoni Kauri, 1950

Omelko, Mikhail M., Marusik, Yuri M. & Lyle, Robin 2020

Diphya simoni

Kauri, H. 1950: 8