Masumoto, Masami & Okajima, Shûji, 2017, Anaphothrips genus-group: key to world genera, with two new species and three new records from Japan (Thysanoptera, Thripidae), Zootaxa 4272 (2), pp. 201-220: 207

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Anaphothrips  genus-group in Japan

Kudo (1989) reported six members of this group from Japan, together with an identification key; Apterothrips secticornis  and five grass-living species of Anaphothrips  : asahi  , badius  , obscurus  , ponokikirmui and sudanensis  . Of these, two are endemic to Japan, A. asahi  and ponokikirmui, but A. badius  is a European species known from Hokkaido, and A. obscurus  is widespread around the world in the temperate zone, and is one of the most abundant species from Hokkaido to Kyushu. Anaphothrips sudanensis  is widely distributed in warmer areas of the world, and is common from Kyushu to Okinawa in southwestern Japan   . Apterothrips secticornis  is known from mountainous areas in Honshu, Aptinothrips rufus  is widely distributed in the temperate to polar zones, and A. stylifer  is abundant in the northern part of Japan and mountainous areas in Honshu. Chilothrips yamatensis  is widespread in Honshu ( Kudo, 1978), breeding in Pinus  flowers but with adults often collected from other plants. In Honshu, this species has an emergance period of about one month, April to May. A new species of Oxythrips  is described below that has been recognized on Pinus  flowers since Saikawa (1972). Paroxythrips  includes two species; one from Podocarpus  in Japan and the other from Agathis  in Australia ( Masumoto & Okajima 2017). Paroxythrips podocarpi  is widely distributed on young leaves of Podocarpus macrophyllus  from the western part of Honshu to Okinawa, and larvae are collected together with larvae of Scirtothrips dorsalis  . One new species of Rubiothrips  is described below from Galium  in the mountainous area of central Honshu ; this species was previously misidentified as Anaphothrips silvarum ( Tsutsumi 1995)  .