Dichomeris foliforma Li & Park

Zhao, Shengnan, Park, Kyu-Tek, Bae, Yang-Seop & Li, Houhun, 2017, Dichomeris Hübner, 1818 (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae, Dichomeridinae) from Cambodia, including associated Chinese species, Zootaxa 4273 (2), pp. 216-234: 221-222

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Dichomeris foliforma Li & Park

sp. nov.

Dichomeris foliforma Li & Park   , sp. nov.

Figs 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 , 18 View FIGURES 14 – 19 , 28 View FIGURES 26 – 30 .

Type material. Holotype ♂, CHINA: Mt. Pinglong (22°09'N, 107°58'E), Shangsi , Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, 510 m, 6.iv.2002, leg. Shulian Hao and Huaijun Xue, genitalia slide No. ZH 06329 ( NKU) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes: CHINA: Guangxi Province: 1♂, same data as for holotype GoogleMaps   ; 2♂, Hekou (23°58'N, 110°07'E), Jinxiu , 650 m, 28.iv.2008, leg. Hui Zhen and Li Zhang; Hainan Province GoogleMaps   : 11♂, Tianchi (18°44'N, 108°52'E), Jianfengling , 787 m, 11–15.vii.2015, leg. Qingyun Wang, Suran Li and Mengting Chen, genitalia slide Nos. ZSN16117, ZSN16123, ZSN16124, ZSN16129, ZSN16130, ZSN16131 GoogleMaps   ; 6♂, Tianchi, Jianfengling , 787 m, 5– 10.iii.2016, leg. Qingyun Wang, Suran Li and Shengnan Zhao, genitalia slide Nos. ZSN16141, ZSN16149, ZSN16153, ZSN16157, ZSN16159   ; 2♂, 1♀, Jianfengling Nature Reserves (18°26'N, 108°31'E), Ledong , 770 m, 28.v.2015, leg. Peixin Cong, Wei Guan and Sha Hu, genitalia slide Nos. ZSN16138, ZSN16239, ZSN16134 GoogleMaps   ; 2♂, Limushan National Forest Park (19°06'N, 109°26'E), 607 m, 13.v.2015, leg. Peixin Cong, Wei Guan and Sha Hu, genitalia slide No. ZSN16132 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 6♂, Mt. Diaoluo (18°23'N, 109°32'E), 940 m, 31.v –2.iv.2007, leg. Zhiwei Zhang and Weichun Li GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Diaoluoshan Nature Reserves (18°43'N, 109°52'E), Lingshui , 980 m, 24.iv.2014, leg. Tengteng Liu, Wei Guan and Xuemei Hu, genitalia slide No. ZSN16118 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 2♂, Diaoluoshan Nature Reserves (18°25'N, 109°31'E), 922 m, 26–27.v.2015, leg. Peixin Cong, Wei Guan and Sha Hu, genitalia slide No. ZSN16133 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Wuzhishan Nature Reserves (18°31'N, 109°23'E), 742 m, 22.v.2015, leg. Peixin Cong, Wei Guan and Sha Hu ( NKU); Zhejiang Province GoogleMaps   : 1♀, Huangtanyu (28°23'N, 118°50'E), Mt. Jiulong , 467 m, 6.vii.2013, leg. Aihui Yin and Xiuchun Wang, genitalia slide No. ZSN15346 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; CAMBODIA: 1♂, Samkos (12°12'N, 102°52'E), 23.xii.2014, leg. Y. S. Bae et al., genitalia slide No. CIS-6708 ( INU). GoogleMaps  

Diagnosis. This new species is similar to D. bifurca Li & Zheng, 1996   superficially. It can be separated from D. bifurca   by having stout asymmetrical sicae with small teeth on the ventral surface near the outer margin, the lateral lobes of the vinculum with small teeth at the apex and along distal 1/3 of the outer margin in the male genitalia, and by the signum placed at the right side of the corpus bursae medially in the female genitalia. In D. bifurca   , the slender symmetrical sicae do not have teeth on the ventral surface, the lateral lobes of the vinculum are smooth at the apex and along the outer margin, and the signum is placed at the anterior part of the corpus bursae ( Li & Zheng, 1996: 251, Figs 78, 79).

Description. Adult ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 1 – 7 ) wingspan 13.0–14.0 mm. Head pale yellow to yellow, grey medially. Ocellus absent. Labial palpus with second segment about twice length of diameter of eye; first and second segments with outer surface dark brown, inner surface yellowish white except ochreous or brown near ventral surface; third segment dark brown except yellowish white apically, sometimes silvery white on inner surface. Antenna with scape greyish brown to dark brown on dorsal surface, yellowish white on ventral surface; flagellum alternately greyish yellow and dark brown on dorsal surface, pale ochreous on ventral surface. Thorax greyish brown medially, pale yellow to yellow laterally; tegula pale yellow to yellow; mesothorax with pale yellow hair pencils from anepisternum in male. Forewing with costal margin almost straight, apex sharp, termen obliquely straight; ground color pale yellow to yellow, with scattered dark brown scales; costal margin dark brown, with short yellow streak at distal 1/5; longitudinal blackish brown stripe from middle of cell to termen, widening from outer margin of cell; fold dark brown except at base; dorsum dark brown; large parallel quadrilateral blackish brown patch along termen; termen blackish brown; fringe yellow to ochreous yellow except dark brown along dorsum. Hindwing and fringe grey. Fore- and midlegs dark brown on outer surface, femora greyish white, tibiae and tarsi yellowish white on inner surface; hindleg with femur silvery white, tibia yellowish white, mixed with greyish brown on outer surface, tarsus greyish brown on outer surface except tarsomeres yellowish white apically, yellowish white on inner surface.

Male genitalia ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 14 – 19 ). Uncus subovate, slightly narrowed near base, anterior margin broadly concave inward on ventral surface, posterior margin bluntly rounded. Gnathos rather long, curved at basal 1/3; culcitula semicircular, with semicircular process posteriorly. Valva about as long as tegumen-uncus complex, almost uniform in basal 2/3 except gently concave at 2/5 on dorsal margin, slightly broadened in distal 1/3, broadly rounded at apex; valvella about 1/3 length of valva, stout, clavate, with sparse setae in distal half. Setose patch columnar. Vinculum height less than length of tegumen-uncus complex, distal 1/5 narrowed; lateral lobe arising from basal 3/4 of vinculum arm, digitate, slightly shorter than 1/2 length of valva, with small teeth at apex and along distal 1/3 of ventral margin, ventral surface spinous, apex with sparse setae, left lobe with a large marginally dentate lobe at base. Saccal region with anterior margin almost straight. Sicae stout and short, about 1/3 length of vinculum arm, widely fused at base, deeply concave in U shape; lateral lobes with small teeth on ventral surface and along outer margin, asymmetrical: left lobe elongate triangular, narrowed to apex, right lobe sub-rectangular, bifurcate apically. Aedeagus globular at base, gradually narrowed to apex; two sclerotized lateral lobes from zone, about 1/4 length of aedeagus, dentate marginally, asymmetrical: left lobe foliiform, right lobe triangular.

Female genitalia ( Fig. 28 View FIGURES 26 – 30 ). Apophyses anteriores slightly thinned to sharp apex, about 2/5 length of apophyses posteriores. Eighth tergite gently arched on posterior margin. Antrum rectangular, width approximately four times of length. Ductus bursae sclerotized except basal 1/5 membranous; two longitudinal sclerotized slender bands from before middle extending backward to near posterior margin of antrum; basal 1/3 broad, with lateral processes arising at basal 1/3: left process elongate, reaching near corpus bursae, membranous, right process triangular, reaching distal 1/3 of ductus bursae, sclerotized; distal 2/3 narrower, with one sclerotized plate, its left side extending to posterior 2/5 of corpus bursae, forming a band narrowed to apex; ductus seminalis arising from distal 1/3 of ductus bursae at left side. Corpus bursae large, rounded, densely spinous on inner surface; signum illdefined, placed at middle at right side.

Distribution. Cambodia (Pursat), China (Guangxi, Hainan, Zhejiang).

Etymology. The specific name is derived from the Latin folium and forma, referring to the sclerotized leaf-like left lobe from the zone of the aedeagus.


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Inonu University